Expected Questions in International Organizations 2019-IAS/NET (Part-1) (Set-2) (Download PDF)

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Bhutanese PM on a 3 day visit to India

Visit of Bhutan’s PM is significant because it is taking place during Golden Jubilee year of establishment of formal diplomatic relations b/w 2 countries.

Bhutanese PM was accorded ceremonial reception at forecourt of Rashtrapati Bhavan. He would pay homage to Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi & hold talks w/PM.

India-Bhutan Diplomatic Relations

  • Diplomatic relations b/w India & Bhutan were established in 1968. India established a special office of India in Thimphu in 1968. Indian diplomatic relations w/Bhutan were looked after by Indian Political Officer in Sikkim.

  • India-Bhutan bilateral relations are governed by Treaty of Friendship & Cooperation signed in 1949 b/w 2 countries. Treaty was revised in February 2007.

  • India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty together w/reflecting contemporary nature of our relationship lays foundation for their future development in 21st century.

  • Golden Jubilee of establishment of formal diplomatic relations b/w India & Bhutan is being celebrated in 2018.

  • Lotay Tshering

  • Doctor by profession Lotay Tshering is a Bhutanese politician who is current PM of Bhutan. He is president of political party, Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa since 14 May 2018. Lotay Tshering is 3rd democratically elected PM of Bhutan.

India-Pakistan exchange list of Nuclear Installations

India & Pakistan have exchanged their list of nuclear installations. Exchange was in accordance w/Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations & Facilities b/w Pakistan & India.

Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations & Facilities

Agreement was signed b/w India & Pakistan on 31st Dec. , 1988 at Islamabad & came into force on 27th Jan. , 1991.

As per agreement:

  • India & Pakistan would refrain from undertaking, encouraging or participating in, directly or indirectly, any action aimed at causing destruction of, or damage to, any nuclear installation or facility in other country.

  • India & Pakistan will inform each other abt their nuclear installations & facilities on 1st Jan. each year & whenever there is a change.

  • Both countries have adopted agreement as part of their efforts to uphold durable peace & develop friendly & harmonious bilateral relations. Exchange under agreement is a confidence-building measure in bilateral relations.

President Trump signs ‘Asia Reassurance Initiative Act’ into law

US president has signed ‘Asia Reassurance Initiative Act’. Law aims at countering encroaching influence & growing threat from China & to reinvigorate U. S. leadership in Asia.

Features of the Act

  • Aims to establish a multifaceted U. S. strategy to increase U. S. security, economic interests & values in Indo-Pacific region.

  • Act authorises spending of $1.5 billion over 5 year period to enhance cooperation w/America’s strategic regional allies in region.

  • Citing China’s illegal construction & militarization of artificial features in South China Sea & coercive economic practices, new law calls for countering China’s influence to undermine international system.

  • Act notes that increased presence throughout Southeast Asia of Islamic State & other international terrorist organizations threaten US.

  • Act recognizes vital role of strategic partnership b/w US & India in promoting peace & security in Indo-Pacific region & calls for strengthening & broadening of diplomatic, economic & security ties b/w US & India.

Features of Act

  • Act calls on U. S. Secretary of State, in conjunction w/Secretary of Treasury, to justify termination of U. S. support for any UN Security Council resolutions sanctioning North Korea or lifting of any unilateral U. S. sanctions on North Korea.

  • Act reasserts US support to Taiwan & calls on President Trump to encourage travel of high-level US officials to Taiwan, in accordance w/Taiwan Travel Ac

Significance for India

  • Act reiterates US commitment to all bilateral & security agreements & arrangements b/w 2 countries, including New Framework for US-India Defense Relationship, & US-India Defense Technology & Trade Initiative.

  • Noting that designation of India as a major defence partner, which is unique to India law states that designation elevates defence trade & technology cooperation b/w US & India to a First India-Central Asia Dialogue to be held in Uzbekistan

1st India-Central Asia Dialogue will be held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Dialogue will be co-chaired by External Affairs Minister (EAM& Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan.

Objective of the Dialogue

  • To enhance their cooperation in wide-ranging spheres including exploring ways to substantially enhance India’s economic involvement in business & development sector of Central Asia.

  • Developing viable connectivity options b/w India & Afghanistan & Central Asia to further facilitate trade & economic activity in region.

  • Strengthen India’s engagement, including political, economic, development partnership & cultural, w/all Central Asian countries & take it to a new level.

1st India-Central Asia Dialogue aims at taking forward bilateral relations which have strengthened following PM’s visit to all 5 Central Asian nations – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan & Uzbekistan – in 2015 & EAM’s tour across region in August 2018.

World Dynamic City 2019

City Momentum Index of JLL which identifies World Dynamic Cities is released by property consultant JLL.

About the Index

  • Index measures momentum for 131 of world’s most commercially active cities by tracking range of socio-economic & commercial real estate indicators over 3-year to identify urban economies & real estate markets undergoing rapid expansion.

  • Index measures short-term momentum over 3-year horizon & identifies urban economies & real estate markets which are undergoing significant rapid growth.

World Dynamic Cities 2019

Top 10 Cities

  • Silicon Valley of India, Bengaluru has emerged as world’s most dynamic city among 131 major established & emerging business hubs globally.

  • 2nd place is occupied by Hyderabad.

  • Other Indian cities which featured in top 20 list are Delhi (4th), Pune (5th), Chennai (7th) & Kolkata (20th)

  • 19 of top 20 cities are from Asia Pacific. This showcases region’s rapid urbanisation & strong economic growth.

  • Improving ease of doing business has brought in more transparency in real estate sector & has given a strong impetus to sector. As a result, India is receiving greater interest from foreign real estate investors who are seeking to tap into countries favourable growth dynamics.

Indians can visit Nepal & Bhutan producing Aadhaar as Id Proof

Union Home Ministry has tweaked travel document norms for visiting Nepal & Bhutan. As per new norms, Indian can travel to Nepal & Bhutan by producing Aadhaar as Identity proof, only for those Indians aged under 15 & over 65 years.

Open Door Policy

  • India has an open door policy w/Nepal & Bhutan.

  • Indians don’t require a passport to travel to either of these countries. Indians can enter these countries by showing any of acceptable photo identity documents like Passport, Voter Id etc.

  • India’s open door policy w/Nepal & Bhutan is in recognition w/shared history, culture & deep-rooted interpersonal ties of Indians w/citizens of these countries.

  • Article 7 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace & Friendship allows free movement of people b/w 2 nations on a reciprocal basis.

  • 1949 Treaty of Friendship b/w India & Bhutan allows for free movement of people b/w 2 nations on a reciprocal basis.

  • Result of these 2 treaties mentioned above Indians doesn’t need a visa to enter Nepal or Bhutan.

2019 Edelman Trust Barometer report: Key Facts

2019 Edelman Trust Barometer report by Edelman Intelligence is released.

Edelman Trust Barometer report: Global Trust Index

Edelman Trust Barometer report is international study based on opinions of elites that focuses on principles of trust in business, govt. , media & NGOs.

Key findings from report:

  • Global Trust Index witnessed a marginal increase of 3 points to 52.

  • India is among most trusted nations globally when it comes to govt. , business, NGOs & media but country’s brands are among least-trusted.

  • India stood at 2nd place in informed public category & 3rd place in general population category.

  • Index is topped by China in both informed public & general population segments, w/scores of 79 & 88 respectively.

  • Companies headquartered in Switzerland, Germany & Canada were most trusted ones.

  • Brands from Switzerland, Germany & Canada have a trust score of 70 each while that of Japan is 69%.

Key Findings from report:

  • Companies headquartered in India, Mexico & Brazil are least trusted, followed by China & South Korea.

  • There is a growing feeling of pessimism about future, w/only one-in-three mass population respondents in developed world believing his or her family would be better off in next 5 years.

  • Just one-in-five believe system is working for them & 70 % desire change.

  • Despite a full-employment economy, fear of job loss remains high among general population.

  • Search & traditional media have a score of 66 each, while score of social media is 44 % when it comes to reliable sources for news.

These findings are based on an online survey in 27 markets covering over 33,000 respondents.

Cabinet approves amendments to Currency Swap arrangement for SAARC nations

Cabinet has approved amendments to framework on currency swap arrangement for SAARC member countries.

Amendments incorporate a standby facility of USD 400 million. This stand-by facility enables India to provide a prompt response to current request from SAARC member countries for availing swap amount exceeding present limit prescribed under SAARC Swap Framework.

Benefits to SAARC & India

  • Agreement has enabled India to strengthen its ties w/SAARC countries together w/improving financial stability in region. This agreement bolsters credibility of India among SAARC countries.

  • Together w/enhancing India’s economic influence in region, agreement strengthen regional integration & inter-dependence.

  • SAARC Swap Framework

  • Framework on Currency Swap Arrangement for SAARC Member Countries was formulated w/intention to provide a line of funding for short term foreign exchange requirements or to meet balance of payments crises till longer-term arrangements are made or issue is resolved in short-term itself.

  • It was approved by GoI on 1st March, 2012.

  • Under framework RBI offers swaps of varying sizes to each SAARC Member countries depending on their 2 months import requirement, not exceeding US $2 billion in total, in USD, Euro or INR.

MoU between India & Kuwait on recruitment of Domestic Workers

Cabinet has approved signing of MoU b/w India & Kuwait for cooperation on recruitment of domestic workers.

Features of MoU

  • MoU will provide a structured framework for cooperation on domestic workers related matters.

  • It provides for strengthened safeguards for Indian domestic workers including female workers deployed in Kuwait.

  • Initially valid for 5 years, it has a provision for automatic renewal.

  • MoU proposes setting up of a joint committee will be set up to follow up implementation.

  • MoU will benefit around 3 lakh Indian workers deployed in Kuwait, including about 90,000 female domestic workers & promotes bilateral cooperation in domestic workers-related matters b/w 2 countries.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 11, 2019

International Relations/Organizations

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