Expected Questions in Polity & Governance 2019 –IAS/NET (Part-1) (Set-1) (Download PDF)

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Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

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Expected Questions on Governance and Polity 2019 Set 1 (UPSC CSE/SSC/IBPS)

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Internal Security 2019 for IAS/SSC/Bank PO/NDA/CDS

National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS)

Cabinet approved launching of National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS). Implemented by Dept. of Science &Technology under Ministry of Science & Technology for 5 years.

Objective is to addresses ever increasing technological requirements of society. It takes into account international trends & road maps of leading countries for next generation technologies.

Implementation of this mission will develop & bring

  • Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) & associated technologies w/I reach in country,
  • Adoption of CPS technologies to address India specific National/Regional issues,
  • Catalyze Translational Research,
  • Produce Next Generation skilled manpower in CPS,
  • Accelerate entrepreneurship & start-up ecosystem development in CPS,
  • Place India at par w/other advanced countries & derive several direct & indirect benefits.
  • Give impetus to advanced research in CPS, Technology development & higher education in Science, Technology & Engineering disciplines.

Aspirational Districts Programme

Niti Aayog has released 2nd Delta Ranking of Aspirational Districts Programme. Ranking details incremental progress achieved by districts during June to October this year across 6 key development sectors.

Districts are ranked in a transparent basis on parameters across various performance indicators like Health & Nutrition, Education, Skill Development & Basic Infrastructure among others.

Performances of various districts:

  • Top performers: Virudhunagar dist. in Tamil Nadu has shown most improvement overall, followed by Nuapada dist. in Odisha, Siddarthnagar in UP, Bihar’s Aurangabad & Koraput in Odisha. Districts have championed development narrative in fundamental parameters of social progress.
  • Least performers: Nagaland’s Kiphire dist. , Jharkhand’s Giridih, Chatra in Jharkhand, Hailakandi in Assam & Pakur in Jharkhand have shown least improvement.

National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2018

Bill seeks to replace existing regulator, Central Council for Indian Medicine (CCIM).

Features of Bill

  • Provides for constitution of National Commission w/4 autonomous boards.
  • Board of Ayurveda would be responsible for overseeing overall education of Ayurveda. Board of Unani, Siddha & Sowarigpa will be responsible for overseeing overall education of Unani, Siddha & Sowarigpa.
  • Provides for 2 common boards, Board of Assessment & Rating & Board of Ethics & Registration. Board of Assessment & Rating would be responsible to assess & grant permission to educational institutions of Indian systems of Medicine.
  • Board of Ethics & Registration of practitioners of Indian systems of medicine would maintain National Register & deal w/ethical issues relating to practice under National Commission for Indian Medicine
  • Proposes common entrance exam & exit exam which all graduates will have to clear to get practicing licenses. Proposes a teacher’s eligibility test to assess standard of teachers before appointment & promotions.

Bill aims at bringing reforms in medical education of Indian systems in line w/National Medical Commission proposed for setting up for allopathy system of medicine. NCIM aims to promote transparency & accountability.

Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY)

  • Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) - direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme for nutritional support to Tuberculosis (TB) patients.
  • It was rolled out from April 2018 & has made very slow progress.
  • Of 18 lakh registered TB patients across country, barely 26 % of beneficiary pool, have received cash transfer so far.
  • This is because many of rural poor either do not have a bank account or are migrant patients, whose bank accounts are difficult to be captured. Incentives can be distributed in Cash (but implementation is poor)
  • All notified TB patients are beneficiaries of scheme.
  • Financial incentive of Rs. 500/- per month for each notified TB patient for duration for which patient is on anti-TB treatment.
  • Scheme is registered under DBT. Incentives can be distributed in Cash (only via DBT preferably thru Aadhaar enabled bank accounts) or in-kind.
  • Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme under National Health Mission (NHM). Financial norms of NHM in terms of cost sharing, are applicable to scheme.

Transgender Persons Bill, 2018: Rights, revised

Lok Sabha has passed a new Bill to protect transgender persons.

Positives in new Bill

  • Addresses some of shortcomings of earlier draft
  • Bill seeks to address shortcomings of earlier draft, which was widely perceived as falling short of expectations of stakeholders & not adequately rights-based.
  • This was envisaged by SC in its landmark decision on transgender rights in 2014.

Revised definition

Current Bill provides revised definition that omits reference to ‘neither male nor female’ formulation & cosvers any person whose gender does not match gender assigned at birth, transmen, transwomen, those w/intersex variations, gender-queer & those who designate themselves based on sociocultural identities like hijra, aravani, kinner & jogta.

SNEHA Suicide Prevention Centre

Chennai-based Sneha, Tamil Nadu’s sole suicide prevention centre, has helped over one lakh callers contemplating suicide to court life once again.

Sneha’s suicide-prevention hotline (8115050) has received over one lakh calls since its inception in 1986.

Suicide status in India

  • There is rapid escalation in suicide rate in country, particularly among people of 15 - 29 age group, which is considered one of most productive periods in one’s life.
  • According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), 1 in 3 suicides committed in India is by a youth. While a suicide was attempted every 7.6 minutes in 1989, today it occurs every 5 minutes.
  • Although more women than men attempt suicide, more men than women actually succumb. In India, men account for 58 % of suicides.
  • W/suicide being committed every 5th minute & about 15 attempts being made for every suicide committed, India faces a major crisis.
  • Chennai-based SNEHA suicide prevention centre is flooded w/calls & emails from persons seeking help, not just from Tamil Nadu but from all over country.

‘No Road No Vote Central Committee’ (NRNCC)

  • More than 4,000 people in 24 remote villages in Arunachal Pradesh would get a proper road connectivity for 1st time.
  • Thanks to ‘No Road No Vote Central Committee’ (NRNCC) – an organisation which is spearheading campaign for construction of road.
  • Not a single vote was cast at 5 of 9 polling stations
  • After locals threatened to launch a civil disobedience movement to surrender their voter identity cards to State govt. if their demand was not met, Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister assured to look into grievances.
  • Road is sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).

- Published/Last Modified on: May 29, 2019

Policy/Governance

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.