Expected Questions in Polity & Governance 2019 - IAS/NET (Part 2) (Set-1) (Download PDF)

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Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

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Expected Questions on Governance and Polity 2019 Set 2 (UPSC CSE/SSC/IBPS)

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Internal Security 2019 for IAS/SSC/Bank PO/NDA/CDS

Millet Village Scheme

  • Project “Millet Village” was started in year 2017 - 18 in Attapady, Kerala. Project is intended for rejuvenating traditional tribal agriculture.
  • Project aims at protecting seeds of traditional varieties of millets & ensures food security & livelihood for tribals.
  • Apart from production of Millets, Pulses, Oilseeds, Vegetables & Apiculture, it is proposed to start Procurement, Processing, Packing, Labelling & Marketing of value added finished products of millets. Similar projects will be implemented throughout State in suitable locations.
  • Kerala Agriculture Department has sought Central support under national-level mission for promoting millets.
  • Millets are considered as ‘superfood’ & ‘eat smart’ strategies.
  • Under scheme, dept. had harvested ragi (finger millet), thina (foxtail millet), cholam (sorghum) & kuthiravaali (barnyard millet) in 1,200 acres.
  • Pilot scheme for cultivating Chia, Central American plant, which is gaining popularity in India as yet another superfood, was progressing at Attappady.
  • High protein content, short growing season, climate change resilience & low water requirement make millets an ideal crop for State. Millets can grow in poor soil conditions with less water, fertiliser & pesticides.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Scheme

Features of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme:

  • Centre will transfer Rs. 6,000 every year to small & marginal farmers.
  • Scheme will cost Rs. 75,000-cr. to exchequer.
  • Scheme aims to address unrest among cultivators who have suffered due to adverse weather & weak prices.
  • Rs 6,000 will be transferred directly into bank accounts of beneficiary farmers in 3 instalments of Rs. 2,000 each.
  • Scheme will benefit 120 million farmers with cultivable land of up to 2 hectares.

Analysis of Scheme

  • Promised transfer of Rs. 6,000 every year amounts to average of Rs. 500 per month.
  • Nabard in its rural financial inclusion survey 2015 - 16 had estimated farmer’s average monthly income from cultivation at Rs. 3,140 in its rural financial inclusion survey 2015 - 16. Income support of average of Rs. 500 per month comes out to be 16 % of farmer’s average monthly income from cultivation.
  • For most marginal farmer w/0.01 ha. , cash transfer is comparable w/estimated monthly income of Rs. 566 from cultivation, but it is relatively less attractive for those with more land.

Kerala takes the lead in the fight against trans fat

  • Health Department has drawn up action plan to generate public awareness on harmful effects of trans fatty acids (TFA) in commercially available food items.
  • Plan will encourage local food industry to meet current statutory limits set for TFA.
  • Various studies suggest that unhealthy diet w/high TFA content is a significant factor that pushes up metabolic syndrome & burden of its associated complications.
  • Generating public awareness on harmful effects of trans fat, among schoolchildren, is being given special focus so that demand for healthier versions of their favourite foods come from children themselves.
  • Salt being a major contributor to hypertension & stroke, action plan plans to address high salt content in processed foods, pickles, papads & condiments by encouraging manufacturers to move to low sodium options.

India to eliminate TB by 2025

India accounts for about quarter of global TB burden. India has set target to eliminate Tuberculosis in India by 2025. To evolve strategy in this regard, India has put in place National Strategic Plan 2017 – 2025 which sets out govt. plans of how elimination of TB can be achieved.

Elimination of disease is defined by WHO as there should be less than 1 case of TB for population of million people.

Step Forwards in 2018

  • In 2018,5, 36,752 TB patients are notified from pvt. sector. There is 40 % increase in TB notification from private sector as compared to 2017.
  • 44,517 (8%) TB patients were given anti-TB drugs from programme.
  • As per State reports till 25th Jan, 2019,40 % notified TB patients, 35 % treatment supporters & 8 % pvt. practitioners are paid incentives thru DBT.

Endosulfan agitation ends

  • Victims of endosulfan poisoning in Kerala ended their 5 day long indefinite hunger strike. They are fighting long & frustrating battle demanding financial aid, adequate rehabilitation packages & healthcare facilities. Environmental activists call it biggest pesticide tragedy in India.
  • People living in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod were exposed to insecticide endosulfan, when public sector Plantation Corporation of Kerala sprayed chemical aerially on its 12,000-acre cashew estates.
  • Its residues spread far & wide via wind & rain, leaving a trail of destruction in dist. & neighbouring regions of Karnataka, killing more than 1,000 people. It poisoned more than 6,000 people.
  • Thousands of children were born w/congenital disabilities, hydrocephalus, diseases of nervous system, epilepsy, cerebral palsy & severe physical & mental disabilities.
  • Endosulfan is off-patent organochlorine insecticide & acaricide that is being phased out globally. Endosulfan became a highly controversial agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, potential for bioaccumulation & role as endocrine disruptor.
  • Endosulfan pesticide was used widely on crops - cashew, cotton, tea, paddy, fruits & others until 2011.

Section 66A is frequently violated

SC has issued notice in application filed by People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), on continued use of Section 66A of IT Act.

In its petition, PUCL had submitted that more than 22 people are prosecuted under provision, after it was scrapped by Apex Court in 2015.

Section 66A was dubbed as “draconian” for it allowed arrest of several innocent persons, igniting a public outcry for its scrapping. This had led to SC striking it down as unconstitutional in March, 2015 in Shreya Singhal v. Union of India.

SC struck down section 66A

  • Section 66A arbitrarily, excessively & disproportionately invades right of free speech, under article 19 (1) (a) of Constitution & upsets balance b/w such right & reasonable restrictions that may be imposed on such right & definition of offences under provision was open-ended & undefined.
  • Provision, introduced in 2009 to original Act of 2000, used expressions “completely open-ended & undefined” & every expression used was “nebulous” in meaning.

Section 66A

  • Section 66A defines punishment for sending “offensive” messages thru computer or any other communication device like a mobile phone or a tablet. A conviction can fetch a max. of 3 years in jail & fine.

Citizenship, triple talaq Bills lapse

Contentious Citizenship (amendment) Bill & one on banning triple talaq are set to lapse on 3rd June when term of present Lok Sabha ends as they could not be passed in Rajya Sabha which has adjourned sine die.

Budget session was last Parliament session of present govt. 17th Lok Sabha has to be constituted before 3rd June.

Bill Lapse in Indian Parliament

Articles 107 & 108 of Indian Constitution deal w/these provisions.

When Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions & so on pending before it or its committees lapse. They must be reintroduced in newly-constituted Lok Sabha to be pursued further.

Cases when a bill lapse:

  • poabha on date of dissolution of Lok Sabha- lapses.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 31, 2019

Policy/Governance

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.