Expected Questions in Polity & Governance 2019 - IAS/NET (Part 2) (Set-3) (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 204.11 K)

Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

Loading video•••

Expected Questions on Governance and Polity 2019 Set 2 (UPSC CSE/SSC/IBPS)

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Internal Security 2019 for IAS/SSC/Bank PO/NDA/CDS

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and ODF++ certification

According to Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban:

  • 7 cities – all in MP & Chhattisgarh – are certified ODF++
  • Certification, extension of ODF means that all faecal sludge & sewage in these cities is treated scientifically before discharge.
  • These are 1st cities to qualify under govt. ‘s new extended protocol to sustain gains made under basic ODF protocol.
  • Under new norms, cities & towns wanting to be declared ODF + must be free of public urination & not just open defecation.
  • ODF+ & ODF++ protocols are next step for SBM-U & aim to ensure sustainability in sanitation outcomes.
  • Urban Affairs Ministry is setting up a sub-mission on faecal sludge mgmt. under its AMRUT scheme for 500 cities & towns.

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2018

ASER report by NGO Pratham which measures learning outcomes is released. Report was based on annual household survey which covered 5.46 lakh children in 596 rural dist. across country.

Findings of ASER 2018 Survey

  • For 1st time since introduction of Right to Education Act, India witnessed tangible improvements in quality aspects. Study shows that more than half (50.5%) of all children in Class 5 can read a Class 2 textbook, up from 46.9 % in 2012.
  • Proportion of children in Class 5 who can do simple division has gone up from 24.9 % in 2012 to 27.9 % in 2018.
  • Reading levels of class 3, which was assessed by ability to read Class 2 textbooks was inching up since low of 2010 (19.5%) & now stands at 27.2%.
  • Govt. schools in 8 states of Himachal Pradesh, UP, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Mizoram & Arunachal Pradesh have recorded a growth in basic reading levels of more than 5 % points over 2016.
  • Govt. schools in 10 states of Punjab, UP, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh have recorded a growth of more than 5 percentage points in basic arithmetic levels 2016.

Kerala records a rising graph of crimes against children

There is steady increase in crimes committed against children in Kerala, according to a data released by Kerala State Crime Records Bureau (SCRB).

Govt. officials are attributing this to increased reporting of crimes because of better awareness, but social workers contend that crimes against children have indeed increased.

Rise in offences

  • 549 offences against children under all categories were recorded in 2008, while number shot up to 3,278 as of October, 2018. This includes both serious & other offences.
  • Cases of rape rose from 215 in 2008 to 1,101 in 2017 & 999 in 1st 10 months of 2018. There were noticeable spurts in number of recorded rape cases in 2011, touching 423, compared to 208 a year earlier.
  • Similar trend of increases was noted in 2013,2016 & 2017, over preceding year.
  • Cases of murder of children dropped from 37 in 2008 to 18 in 2018. There are no infanticide cases over past 3 years, after 4 cases in 2015.
  • Cases registered under Prohibition of Child Marriage Act rose from 4 in 2008 to 17 in 2017 & 15 till October 2018.

Tribals of West Bengal battling food scarcity

According to a survey report,

  • About 31 % of tribal households in West Bengal face food scarcity in varying degrees.
  • West Bengal is home to a over 5 million tribals, w/6 % of India’s tribal population of 100 million.
  • But in many areas, tribals of State are “far behind” in terms of human development.

Major factors:

  • Poverty-born vices like alcoholism & fragility of public health system have resulted in a much lower life chances among Adivasis.
  • Degradation of forest & environmental degradation are cited as 2 more reasons for “reduced availability of natural nutrients” resulting in early deaths.
  • Work participation rate (WPR) is higher among Adivasis in Bengal “forcing children of schoolgoing age to discontinue their studies in order to fend themselves & support families.

Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections

Govt. announced a decision to provide 10 % reservation in jobs & higher education for those belonging to economically backward sections of general category. Govt. aims to provide aid of reservation to economically backward poor people who are not availing benefit of reservation as of now.

Who will be provided reservation and how?

  • Those w/annual family income below Rs. 8 lakhs & owning less than 5 acres of land will be provided reservations.
  • This 10 % reservation would be over & above existing 50 % reservation.
  • Govt. plans to introduce constitutional amendment to amend Articles 15 & 16 of Constitution for providing reservations.

How can government implement it?

  • One way to implement current reservation proposal is to include law of providing reservations under 9th schedule of constitution.
  • Law must pass judicial scrutiny as SC has made it clear that any law placed in 9th Schedule after April 24,1973.
  • Present proposal is seen as attempt by central govt. to consolidate upper caste votes just ahead of general elections.

Mekedatu project

Tussle b/w Karnataka & Tamil Nadu on issue of River Cauvery has got new addition. Proposal of Karnataka to build dam at Mekedatu is opposed fiercely by Tamil Nadu.

About Project

  • Govt. of Karnataka is planning to build a dam across river Cauvery near Mekedatu in Ramanagara dist.
  • Proposed capacity of dam is 48 TMC (thousand million cubic feet).
  • Objective of dam is to supply drinking water to Bengaluru & recharge groundwater table in region.

Tamil Nadu is opposing project

  • Tamil Nadu’s main argument is that project violates final award of Cauvery River Water Tribunal.
  • Tamil Nadu argues that construction of reservoir would result in impounding of flows in intermediate catchment below Krishnaraja Sagar & Kabini reservoirs & Billigundulu in common border of Karnataka & Tamil Nadu.
  • Tamil Nadu suspects that w/proposed project Karnataka intends to extend area under irrigation.

Process of appointment of CBI Director

After high-power committee ousted Alok Verma as CBI Director, committee is set to select agency’s Director.

CBI draws its legality from 1946-Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (DSPE). Before Lokpal Act was legislated, CBI director was appointed by DSPE Act. Lokpal Act governs appointment of CBI director.

Centre appoints CBI

  • CBI director is appointed by Centre on basis of recommendation of a search committee comprising of PM as chairperson, Chief Justice of India & Leader of Opposition.
  • Above Selection committee was constituted under Lokpal & Lokayuktas Act, 2013.
  • Process of selecting CBI director begins in Home Ministry, which prepares a list of IPS officers, who are eligible for post on basis of their seniority & experience in field of probe.
  • MHA list goes to Dept. of Personnel, which prepares final list on basis of “seniority, integrity & experience in investigation of ant-corruption cases”.
  • Search committee examines names & sends its recommendation to govt. for appointment of CBI director.

Citizenship Bill

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed in Lok Sabha. Protests have erupted in Assam against passage of bill. People of Assam fear that amendment bill undermines Assam Accord of 1985.

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019

  • Bill 2019 seeks to amend citizenship Act, 1955. Features of amendment bill are:
  • Bill aims to grant Indian citizenship to all persecuted religious minorities like Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists & Parsis from 3 neighbouring countries of Bangladesh, Pakistan & Afghanistan.
  • Bill is applicable to all states & UTs of country & beneficiaries of can reside in any part of country.
  • Bill when passed would provide a big relief to persecuted migrants who have come thru western borders of country to States like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Delhi, MP & other states.
  • Govt. would set cut off date at 31st Dec. , 2014, to provide citizenship to persecuted religious minorities.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 31, 2019

Policy/Governance

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.