Expected Questions on Higher Education 2018 - NET Paper 1 (Part 1) (Set - 3) (Download PDF)


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CCEA approves new Integrated Scheme for School Education - Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved new Integrated Scheme on School Education for period 2018 to 2020 to be formulated by Department of School Education and Literacy.

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Expected Questions on Higher Education 2018 - NET Paper 1 (Part 1) (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Education 2018 for CBSE NET Paper 1 Part 1

  • New scheme will subsume existing schemes related to education such as:

    • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

    • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

    • Teacher Education (TE)

Objectives of the Scheme:

  • Provide quality education and enhance learning outcomes of students.

  • Ensure minimum standards in schooling provisions.

  • Promote vocationalization of education.

  • Bridge social and gender gaps in school education.

  • Ensure equity and inclusion at all levels of school education.

  • Support States in implementing Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.

CCEA Approves Continuation of Credit Guarantee Fund for Education Loans Scheme

  • Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved continuation of Credit Guarantee Fund for Education Loans Scheme.

  • It also approved continuation and modification of Central Sector Interest Subsidy Scheme for period from 2017 to 20.

  • This will provide education loans to 10 lakh students during this period.

  • Restructuring of scheme is in accordance with policy of Government to make good quality education affordable to all.

  • CGFEL Scheme provides guarantee for education loan under Model Education Loan Scheme of Indian Banks’ Association.

NITI Aayog, Piramal Foundation Ink Agreement to Improve Health, Education in Aspirational Districts

  • NITI Aayog and Piramal Foundation inked Statement of Intent (SoI) to work closely with District Collectors and key officers of ‘Aspirational Districts’ to support their transformation in terms of healthcare, education and nutrition.

  • Collaboration is for 4 years with the option to continue based on mutual agreement.

  • 👌 Piramal Foundation will also provide support by focusing on:

    • Leadership development

    • Change management

    • Technology integration

    • Implementing various innovative practices

NITI Aayog Releases SATH-E Roadmaps

NITI Aayog released detailed timelines for its initiative Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education (SATH-E) project to introduce system-wide Governance Transformation in school education.

SATH-E project aims:

  • Promote vocational education, skill development, teacher training.

  • Introduce technology in classrooms.

  • Promote data-driven analysis to strengthen academic monitoring across schools in India.

  • Transform elementary and secondary school education across these three states.

First Indo-French Knowledge Summit Held in New Delhi

  • First Indo-French Knowledge Summit for university, scientific and technology cooperation was successfully held in New Delhi.

  • Two-day summit organized by French Embassy in India.

  • Co-hosted by MHRD

  • Objective: To design roadmap of Franco-India cooperation for next five years, in collaboration with companies.

Prince Charles Launched Education Impact Bond for India

  • Britain’s Prince Charles launched a new 10-million-dollar Development Impact Bond (DIB). 👌

  • Help to improve education for over 200, 000 children in India.

  • DIB is the largest bond of its type in South Asia.

  • Latest fundraising initiative by British Asian Trust (BAT) set up by royal 10 years ago to fight poverty in South Asia.

  • DIB announced on occasion of celebration of 10th anniversary of BAT.

  • Launched by trust with support of UK government’s Department for International Development (DfID), Comic Relief, Mittal Foundation and UBS Optimus Foundation.

Cabinet Approves Prime Minister Research Fellows Scheme

  • Union Cabinet approved implementation of Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) Scheme.

  • This scheme for doctoral students pursuing research in areas related to technology.

  • Aims: To realize importance of innovation and technology for progress and development of the nation.

  • Fellowship scheme was announced in the Budget Speech 2018 - 19.

  • Implemented for period of 7 years beginning 2018 - 19 at total cost of Rs. 1650 crore.

Google and NCERT Join Hands to Teach Students Digital Safety

  • Google and NCERT signed a pact to integrate a course on ‘Digital Citizenship and Safety’ in ICT curriculum.

  • Pact signed on ‘Safer Internet Day’ (February 6). 👌

  • Course aims to bring awareness amongst the young generation of India to make Internet a safe space.

  • Complete course is divided into four categories (themes):

    • Being Smart

    • Being Safe

    • Being a Digital Citizen

    • Being Future Ready

65th meeting of Central Advisory Board of Education held in New Delhi

  • 65th Meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) held under Chairmanship of HRD Minister in New Delhi.

  • CABE is the policy making advisory body of the HRD Ministry.

  • Operation Digital Board will be launched in all schools in 5 years.

  • It will be undertaken jointly by Centre, State, CSR and community.

CABE Sub-committee Recommends Free Education for Girls up to PG Level

  • Sub-committee of Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) recommended free and compulsory education for girls up to post-graduate level across India.

  • Also, recommended establishing of exclusive residential degree colleges for SC/ST women besides provision of providing health and hygiene kits to girls.

  • Sub-committee submits an interim report to HRD Ministry during CABE meeting on January 15, 2018.

  • CABE committee headed by HRD Minister is generally made for 3 years.

Goa to Host Second Edition of Nobel Prize Series – India

  • Goa Government signed trilateral MoU to host Nobel Prize Series-India in February 2018.

  • MoU signed with Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology and Nobel Media, Sweden.

  • Event will be jointly organized by Department of Bio-Technology, Union Ministry of Science and Technology in collaboration with Department of Science and Technology and Nobel Media AB, Sweden.

  • Event will be held along with month-long exhibition brought from Nobel Museum, Sweden.

  • Earlier Nobel series were organised in Gujarat.

👌 Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan (VVM): Nationwide science talent search examination

  • Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan (VVM) a nationwide science talent search examination.

  • It was held on 26th November 2017.

  • Unique initiative to give a boost to learning of science, technology and mathematics among youth-especially the school students.

  • Provide platform to India’s generation next to imbibe values of science and technology (S&T) for better future.

  • Examination test was conducted online.

8 September: International Literacy Day

  • International Literacy Day (ILD) observed every year on 8 September to emphasize the importance of literacy to individuals, society and communities.

  • Established in 1966 by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

  • This year it is 51st International Literacy Day.

  • Theme for this year: ‘Literacy in a digital world’. 👌

  • In India to observe this day, several functions were organised by the National Literacy Mission Authority.

Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat Program Launched

  • Launched by MHRD, it is an initiative of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) to prepare a physical Health and Fitness Profile Card for more than 12 lakhs of Kendriya Vidyalaya students.

  • Program aims to provide a comprehensive and inclusive report card for children covering all age groups and children of different abilities.

Cabinet Approves Creation Non-lapsable Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh

  • Union Cabinet approved creation of a single corpus fund non-lapsable known as Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK).

  • All proceeds of secondary and higher education cess will be credited and utilized for the government’s schemes in education sector.

  • Funds arising from MUSK will be utilized for schemes in education sector.

  • Available for benefit of students of secondary and higher education all over India.

  • Administered and maintained by Union Ministry of Human Resource Development.

NITI Aayog Partners with 6 States to Transform Health & Education Sectors

  • NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog announced partnership with 6 states.

  • Each to radically transform their Health and Education sectors under its Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH) initiative.

  • 👌 Shortlisted states for transforming their health sector are Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Karnataka.

  • 👌 Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha selected for transforming their educationsector.

  • Under this initiative, a Program Management Unit will now be available in the six chosen States for a period of 30 months.

  • These 6 states chosen after a rigorous competitive process based on comprehensive metrics to determine potential for impact and likelihood of success.

👌 HRD Ministry Constitutes K. Kasturirangan Panel to Frame National Education Policy

  • HRD ministry constituted a new nine-member panel to frame a new National Education Policy (NEP).

  • Panel headed by space scientist K Kasturirangan.

  • Other members of the panel include chosen experts and educationists from wide-ranging backgrounds.

  • Panel includes former IAS officer K. J. Alphonse Kanamthanam & Ram Shanker Kureel.

Times Higher Education Ranking

  • IISc in Bangalore and IIT Bombay are among the world’s top 200 institutions for engineering and computer science.

  • Ranking scored 500 institutions worldwide, as opposed to 100 last year.

  • Ranking is based on performance parameters such as:

    • industry income

    • international outlook

    • teaching and research

  • Overall, Oxford University is number one. Other top universities include, Stanford, California institute of Technology, Oxford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Cambridge University.

All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA)

  • Inaugurated at Delhi on the occasion of 2nd Ayurveda day.

  • First - ever AIIA has been set up along the lines of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).

FDDI (Footwear Design & Development Institute)

  • FDDI declared an ‘Institute of National Importance’ under Ministry of Commerce & Industry.

  • FDDI bill was passed by the Parliament in July 2017.

  • It is imparting skill based graduate and postgraduate courses in the fields of footwear, leather goods, retail and management.

  • Now, it can independently develop and conduct courses leading to:

    • graduate and post graduate degrees

    • doctoral and post-doctoral courses

    • research

Institute of National Importance (INI)

  • INI is a status conferred to a premier public higher education institution in India by an Act of Parliament.

  • INIs receive special recognition and funding.

  • “Serves as a pivotal player in developing highly skilled personnel within the specified region of the country/state”.

  • All IITs, NITs, AIIMS’, School of Planning and Architecture and Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research are considered INI.

UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • US recently announced its withdrawal from UNESCO, accusing the organization as Anti-Israel bias.

  • 👌 UNESCO is first UN agency to admitted Palestine as a full member in 2011.

  • The withdrawal goes into effect at the end of 2018.

  • It has 195 member states and is based in Paris, France.

  • It is known for its World Heritage Mission which encourages world countries to protect Natural and Cultural Heritage sites.

  • It publishes Global Education Monitoring report and Gender Parity Index.

3rd National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)

  • Ranking methods have been worked out for 6 categories of institutions:

    • Engineering

    • Management

    • Pharmacy

    • Architecture

    • Universities

  • Issues & challenges faced by higher education in India:

  • Expansion

  • Excellence

  • Equity

  • Education in Rural Areas

  • College affiliation to universities

  • Mushrooming of low quality Institutes

  • No project Based Learning

  • No strategy

  • Obsession with service industry

  • Poor quality of education

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru adjudged the overall best institution in India by HRD Ministry’s national ranking framework.

  • Law:

1. National Law School of India University, Bengaluru

2. National Law University, Delhi

3. Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad

4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

5. National Law University, Jodhpur

Top places to study in India (As per national institutional ranking framework (NIRF) Rankings)

Table contain shows the Top places to study in India

Table contain shows the Top places to study in India

👌 Overall toppers


IISc, Bangalore


JNU, Delhi


IIT, Madras


IIT, Kanpur


IIT, Bombay


IIT, Rookeree


IIT, Delhi


BHU, Varanasi


IIT, Kharagpur


Anna Univ, Chennai

Table contain shows the Top Colleges and universities

Table contain shows the Top Colleges and universities

Top Colleges

👌 Top Universities


Miranda House, Delhi


IISc, Bangalore


St Stephen’s Delhi


JNU, Delhi


Bishop Heber, Tiruchirappalli


BHU, Varanasi


Hindu college, Delhi


Anna University, Chennai


Presidency College, Chennai


Uni. of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

Table contain shows the Top Medical, Engineering and Management colleges

Table contain shows the Top Medical, Engineering and Management colleges





AIIMS, New Delhi


IIT, Madras


IIM, Ahmedabad


PGIMER, Chandigarh


IIT, Bombay


IIM, Bangalore


Christian Med college, Vellore


IIT, Delhi


IIM, Calcutta


Kasturba Med College, Manipal


IIT, Kharagpur


IIM, Lucknow


King George’s Medical University, Lucknow


IIT, Kanpur


IIT, Bombay

Digital Gender Atlas of India Launched

  • Ministry of HRD, Department of School Education and Literacy presented the Digital Gender Atlas for Advancing Girls’ Education in India to the media.

  • Components of the Gender Atlas are:

    • Composite Gender Ranking

    • Trend Analysis of Gender Indicators

    • Spatial Display of Pockets with Multiple Disadvantages Related to Education

    • Vulnerabilities

    • Children with Disabilities

👌 National Post-doctoral fellowships (N-PDF)

  • Aimed to identify motivated young researchers and provide them support for doing research in frontier areas of science and engineering.

  • Fellows will work under a mentor.

  • This training will provide them a platform to develop as an independent researcher.


  • Candidates should be an Indian citizen.

  • Candidates should have PhD degree in Science or Engineering or M. D or M. S degree in any area of medicine.

  • Maximum age should be 35 years at the time of the submission of application.

  • Age relaxation of 5 years will be given to candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC/Physically Challenged & Women candidates.

Early Career Research Awards (2016)

  • This scheme aims to provide quick research support to the young researchers.

  • For pursuing exciting and innovative research in frontier areas of science and engineering.

Nature & Duration of Support:

  • First assignment of the applicant in a regular capacity in a recognized academic institution or national laboratory or any other recognized R & D institution in India.

  • One-time award and carries a research grant up to Rs. 50 Lakhs (excluding overheads) for a period of 3 years.

  • Research grant covers equipment, manpower, consumables, manpower, travel and contingency apart from overheads.

What Are UAY and IMPRINT? Schemes for Providing Research Facilities

  • Government focused on improving quality of education and research in Higher Education Institutions and has taken number of steps in this direction.

  • Establishment of Inter University Centers (IUCs) that provide state-of-the art equipment and facilities.

Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY) promotes industry sponsored, outcome-oriented research projects with an outlay of Rs. 475.00 crore for a period of two years beginning 2016 - 17.

Objectives of UAY scheme:

  • To promote innovation in IITs addressing issues of manufacturing industries

  • To spur innovative mindset

  • To co-ordinate action between academia & industry

  • To strengthen labs & research facilities.

IMPRINT focuses on research in higher educational institutions, with an allocation Rs. 487.00 crore for a period of three years beginning 2016 - 17.

Objectives of IMPRINT Scheme:

  • Identify areas of immediate relevance to society requiring innovation

  • Direct scientific research into identified areas

  • Ensure higher funding support for research into the identified areas.

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan

The mission is to enable higher educational institutions to work with the people of rural India in identifying development challenges and finding appropriate solutions for accelerating sustainable growth.

  • To build an understanding of the development agenda.

  • To re-emphasize the need for field work.

  • To stress on rigorous reporting and useful outputs as central to developing new professions.

  • To provide rural India and regional agencies with access to professional resources of the institutes of higher education.

  • To improve development outcomes as a consequence of this research.

  • To develop new professions and new processes to sustain and absorb the outcomes of research.

  • To foster a new dialogue within the larger community on science, society and environment.

National Teacher Platform an Initiative of MHRD

  • A journey to make technology work for our teachers.

  • Free courses online learn at their own time and pace.

  • Classroom resources for teaching, practice & assessment.

  • Shared content repos amplify the reach and benefit from others.

  • Interactions seek help and ideas with mentors and Peers.

  • Self-assessment learns and assesses to earn awards.

  • Online and offline reaches every teacher in the country.

  • Open learning platform for teachers with contributions from the community.

RISE (Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education) Scheme

  • IITs set to get 25 % of Government loans for higher education institutes.

  • Recently, CFIs on an average used to get shifts funding mechanism to CFIs in higher education from grant assistance to loans to assure more funds.

  • RISE scheme was announced in Union Budget 2017 - 18.

  • Aims to lend low-cost funds to government higher educational institutions.

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Expected Questions on Higher Education 2018 - NET Paper 1 (Part 1) (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Education 2018 for CBSE NET Paper 1 Part 1

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- Published/Last Modified on: April 11, 2018


Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2018 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, CBSE-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.