First Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite and Draft Space Activities Bill, 2017 (Download PDF)

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HysIS is an earth observation satellite, weighing about 380 kg. Configured around ISRO՚s Mini Satellite-2 (IMS-2) bus. Aim is to study the earth՚s surface in the visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Mission life of about 5 years. A Hyperspectral imaging camera in space can provide well-defined images. Enables distinct identification of objects on earth by reading the spectrum for each pixel of a scene from space.

  • Hyperspectral imager which can identify 55 spectral or colour bands from 630 km above ground.
  • Used for monitoring of environment, finding oil and minerals apart from military surveillance.
  • Hyspex was first tried out in Chandrayaan-1 mission.

Technology

  • Defense
  • Agriculture
  • Land use
  • Minerals

Draft Space Activities Bill, 2017

  • Released by the Department of Space.
  • Legislation provisions shall be applicable to every citizen of India.
  • Also applicable to all sectors engaged in any space activity in India or outside India.

Regulatory Mechanism

  • Responsibility of the central government.
  • Setting mechanisms and promoting space activity.
  • Exploration and use of outer space, development of the sector.

The Central Government Can

  • Grant, transfer, or terminate licenses to any person for commercial space activities.
  • Provide professional and technical support.
  • Authorization to launch or operate space objects.
  • Regulating the procedures for conducting and operating space activity by monitoring the conformity with international space agreements.
  • Ensure safety requirements.
  • Investigate any incident or accident in connection with the operation of a space activity.

Licences

  • A non-transferable licence.
  • To be provided by the Central Government to any person carrying out commercial space activity.
  • Includes permission for the central government to inspect any space activity and documents related.
  • Obligation- To ensure him/her against any liability incurred due to any activity authorised by the license.

Liabilities

  • A Licensee should compensate the central government against claims brought against the government.
  • Regarding damages arising out of commercial space activities covered under the license.

Penalties

  • Unauthorized commercial space activity.
  • Furnishing false commercial space activity.
  • Causes environmental damages.
  • Entry into prohibited areas.
  • Disclosure of restricted information.

Aim of the Bill

  • At present space activities are regulated by policies such as the Satellite Communication Policy, 1997 and Remote Sensing Data Policy, 2011.
  • Addresses the need for a legal environment for orderly performance and growth of the space sector.
  • Encouraging both the public and private sectors to participate in the space programme.
  • Specifically facilitates for the participation of non-governmental/private sector agencies in space activities in India.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 17, 2020

Science/Technology

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