Focus on Biodiversity- Expected Questions for 2017- Birds of Prey (Download PDF)


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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to environment, biodiversity, ecosystem and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at Youtube@Examrace

Declining Vulture Population

  • In Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS), Kerala
  • Culprit: Diclofenac, an anti-inflammatory drug
  • Constituent of – Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and Elephant Reserve No. 7 (world’s largest recorded population of Asiatic elephant).
  • Why are vultures important?
  • Natural disposal of livestock carcasses.
  • Livestock carcasses can cause anthrax, and encourage pest species, such as rats.
  • Increase in the number of feral dogs - bites can led to human rabies
  • Substitute for Diclofenac – Meloxicam (Safe for Vultures)
  • Haryana Government launched Asia’s first ‘Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme’ at the Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre at Pinjore

Raptor MoU

Image of Eagles

Image of Eagles

Image of Eagles

  • Conservation of birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia
  • India- > 56th country to sign the Raptor MoU
  • Agreement under Article IV paragraph 4 of the CMS and is not legally binding.
  • Raptors MoU extends its coverage to 76 species of birds of prey
  • 46 species, including vultures, falcons, eagles, owls, hawks, kites, harriers, etc. also occur in India.
  • In line with existing Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972.
  • Pakistan and Nepal also signed the MoU.

Nagaland’s Doyang Lake

  • Doyang lake, Wokha in Nagaland, famous for the world’s longest travelling raptors - Amur falcons
  • They come to roost here during their flight from Mongolia to South Africa
  • Doyang lake area as an eco-tourism spot
  • Pangti village in Nagaland -World’s Amur Falcon capital (more than one million birds can be seen in just 30 minutes)
  • IUCN has categorized and evaluated these falcon species and has listed them as of ”Least Concern
Image of Amur falcons

Image of Amur Falcons

Image of Amur falcons

Image shows Map of Nagaland

Image Shows Map of Nagaland

Image shows Map of Nagaland

- Published/Last Modified on: March 20, 2017


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