Focus on Biodiversity Flora and Fauna - Expected Questions for 2017 [ Detailed Analysis (CA/GS) - ]

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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to environment, biodiversity, ecosystem and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at Youtube@Examrace

Snowflake Corals

Image of Snowflake Corals

Image of Snowflake Corals

Image of Snowflake Corals

  • For first in 1972 it was reported as an invasive species from Hawaii
  • Native of the tropical Western Atlantic and Caribbean
  • Spread to countries like Australia, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines
  • Inhabit reefs and underwater structures such as piers and shipwreck
  • Can attach itself to metal, concrete and even plastic

In India:

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Gulf of Mannar
  • Gulf of Kutch
  • Goa

Threats:

  • Can destabilize the marine ecosystem
  • It can crowd out other marine species

Asia Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation

Tiger Population of 2016

Tiger Population of 2016

Tiger Population of 2016

  • Co-organized by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, National Tiger Conservation Authority, Global Tiger Forum, Global Tiger Initiative Council, Wildlife Institute of India, WWF and Wildlife Conservation Trust
  • Project Tiger in 1972 - 70 % of the global wild tiger population is in India
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority is responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger plan
  • 13 Tiger Range Countries
  1. Bangladesh
  2. Bhutan
  3. Cambodia
  4. China
  5. Indonesia
  6. India
  7. Lao PDR
  8. Malaysia
  9. Myanmar
  10. Nepal
  11. Russian Federation
  12. Thailand
  13. Vietnam
  14. besides Kyrgyz Republic and Kazakhstan

Gorewada Zoo and Wildlife Rescue Centre

 Image of Bio Park

Image of Bio Park

Image of Bio Park

  • India’s biggest Wildlife Rescue Centre
  • At Gorewada near Nagpur, Maharashtra
  • Managed by: Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra (FDCM)
  • Created on the lines of Gujarat based Gir National Park
  • 1914 Hectares of land

Russian Poplars

Image of poplar trees

Image of poplar trees

Image of poplar trees

  • Mass awareness campaign in Kashmir to protect the poplar trees
  • In 2014: J&K High Court first banned the sale, purchase and plantation of Russian Poplars
  • During summers, populous deltoids—female poplar—sheds a cotton-like material carrying seeds that cause allergy and aggravate respiratory disorders.

Russian Poplars

  • Nothing to do with Russia
  • RussiFrass variety from USA
  • It grows faster than the local variety
  • Central to rural economy in Kashmir
  • Source of livelihood for many because fruit boxes are made of it
  • Forms a canopy over the highways
  • Tourist attraction

- Published/Last Modified on: March 20, 2017