Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Survey: Food Deficiencies and Tuberculosis (Important) (Download PDF)

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According to Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Survey, nutritional deficiencies and tuberculosis are two most common ailments in India. Provides a survey with collaboration of over 12, 300 researchers from 130 countries providing comprehensive picture disabilities and mortalities across countries, time, age, and sex.

Image of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Survey

Image of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Survey

Image of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Survey

Other Important Findings of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Survey

  • In addition to mortality, the survey also focuses on scale of suffering and pain felt by the diseased.

  • Many other diseases are very widely spread, like skin diseases and neurological diseases. Gynecological disorders and infant diseases are also common.

    Malnutrition in India

    • 46 % of the population suffers from nutritional deficiencies- important once include protein, vitamin, and iron deficiency

    • Lethargy, exhaustion, weakness, inability to concentrate are common effects of Malnutrition.

    • In children, it leads to stunted mental and physical growth.

    • Better diet would eliminate most of malnutrition.

    • Malnutrition in the past decade has increased at 8%.

    Tuberculosis in India

    • TB affects nearly 52 crore people (39%).

  • Death rate due to TB have declined by nearly a third in decade

  • TB’s spread has increased by 20 % in a decade.

  • TB Infections like cause diarrhea or coughs, cause immense suffering to over 8 crore people (6.4%).

    Cancer in India

  • Number of people with cancer has increased 46%, one of the fastest spreads due to:

    • Better identification

    • Longer life

    • Lifestyle and diet choices.

  • In 2016, cancer affected 0.15 % of Indians and accounted for 8 % of all deaths.

  • Cancer not as prevalent as nutritional deficiencies and TB.

    Heart Diseases and Diabetes

  • Heart and blood circulation related diseases and diabetes are important non-communicable diseases- with heart diseases affecting 5.5 crore and diabetes around 6.5 crore- causing loss of quality of life and productivity.

  • Death rates are significant for heart diseases, which affect the elderly and have expensive treatments.

  • Only 3 % of deaths are due to diabetes in itself.

Global Burden of Disease Data

  • Comprehensive regional and global research program of disease burden assessing mortality and disability from major diseases, injuries, and risk factors

  • Provides data and tools to quantify health loss from hundreds of diseases, injuries, and risk factors to improve health systems and delivery.

  • The survey not only provides disease prevalence, such as the number of people with depression or diabetes in a population but also the relative harm it causes.

  • Allows decision-makers to compare the effects of different diseases, such as malaria versus cancer- through interactive data visualizations

  • Data covers premature death and disability from over 300 diseases and injuries in 195 countries, by age and sex, from 1990 to the present

  • The above data was based on recently released 2016 edition of the Global Burden of Disease data in the medical journal Lancet

  • Indian data is collated from domestic surveys, registries, cause of death data and unit level SRS data recently made accessible by the government to GBD.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 21, 2017

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