Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons- 122 Countries (Download PDF)

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The United Nations has adopted a historic global treaty banning nuclear weapons adopted by a vote of 122 members with Netherlands the only country voting against and Singapore abstaining from voting.

Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons

Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons

Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons

  • Non-nuclear states increasingly worried about the slow pace of disarmament with possibility of weapons of mass destruction falling into wrong hands.
  • Treaty to increase pressure on the nuclear powers to do disarmament
  • Opened for signature on September 20- enter into force once 50 countries ratified it.

Requirement for Ratification

  • Never develop, test, produce, manufacture, otherwise acquire, possess, or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
  • Bans transfer or use of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices.

Opposition

Nine nuclear powers- United States, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel did not take part. Even Japan (sufferer of atomic attack) and most of the NATO countries boycotted the negotiations.

  • Nuclear powers view the treaty as unrealistic and ineffective.
  • Nuclear arsenals serve as a deterrent
  • No use of this treaty beyond nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) - NPT seeks to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and puts the onus on nuclear states to reduce their stockpiles.

NPT

Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, an international treaty to prevent spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology and to promote peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The NPT consists of a preamble and eleven articles. The treaty has a three-pillar system:

  • Non-proliferation
  • Disarmament
  • Right to peacefully use nuclear technology
Location of Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons 122 Countries

Location of Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons 122 Countries

Location of Global Treaty to Ban Nuclear Weapons 122 Countries

- Published/Last Modified on: August 1, 2017

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