Gobar Dhan Yojana: Converting Cattle Dung into Clean Fuel (Important) (Download PDF)


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The government launched ‘Gobar Dhan Scheme’ to convert cattle dung into biogas and bio-fertilizers with aim to benefit farmers and help villages sustain hygienic living conditions.

The Gobar Dhan scheme is one of many agricultural focused announcements made in the budget this year (see link below).

Image of Gobar Dhan Yojana

Image of Gobar Dhan Yojana

Image of Gobar Dhan Yojana

What is the Gobar Dhan Yojana?

  • To make villages open-defecation-free and improve the lives of villagers, Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (Gobar Dhan) scheme was announced.

  • It will promote compost based on cattle dung and farm compost for agriculture.

  • The Central and Union government will work in coordination to help villagers sustain better and hygienic living conditions in their villages.

  • The government to ensure that the residue is used up and converted into more usable forms of energy like bio-CNG and biogas that can be used by the villagers as a clean fuel.

Story Leading to Gobar Dhan Yojana

  • 187 projects were sanctioned under the Namami Gange Programme for infrastructure development, reverse surface cleaning, rural sanitation, and other interventions. Gobar Dhan Yojana will be implemented in these villages.

  • All 4, 465 Ganga Grams villages on the banks of the river have been declared open-defecation-free.

  • The Government has now identified 115 aspirational districts to improve the quality of life in these districts by investing in social services like health, education, nutrition, skill up gradation, financial inclusion and infrastructure like irrigation, rural electrification, potable drinking water and access to toilets at an accelerated pace and in a time bound manner- these 115 districts are expected to become model of development

Importance of Gobar Dhan Yojana

  • Compost or organic manure reduces nitrogen wastage, as its humus absorbs the nitrogen and acts like a slow release sponge.

  • Compost consists of decomposed organic matter that enhances the soil with nutrients and microbes; it includes the recycled materials including decayed vegetables, fruit, grass clippings, and plant foliage.

  • India’s fertilizer subsidies are being swiped, the overuse of cheap fertilizers undermines farm productivity in many parts of the country.

  • For most farmers, chemical fertilizers are out of bounds due to their high prices.

  • Some farmers rely on cow dung for manure but there is an added issue of availability as it is used as fuel as well.

Potential of the Scheme

  • The Gobar Dhan scheme aims to ensure that cattle dung is processed and converted into a valuable agro-based resource for the people.

  • Make sure that it is processed in manner such that farmers in their farmlands can further use residual solid waste as compost fertiliser.

  • The Yojana would also help in doubling the income of farmers- the MSP would be given with additional benefit of 50 % over the cost of production.

  • This Yojna will manage and convert cattle dung and solid waste in farms making the environment clean.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 18, 2018

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