Government’S 2030 Vision for EVs is Huge Challenge (Download PDF)


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Tata Motors CEO and MD Guenter Butschek said, “Meeting the government’s vision of 100 % electrification of public transport and 40 % of personal mobility by 2030 is a huge challenge”. It is expected that Indian passenger vehicles market would touch around 10 million units annually by 2026, around 20% (2 million) could be EVs, and the rest ICE, with a good portion hybridized.

Image of Government's 2030 Vision for EVs is Huge Challenge

Image of Government’s 2030 Vision for EVs is Huge Challenge

Image of Government’s 2030 Vision for EVs is Huge Challenge

Steps to Meeting the Steep Challenge

  • Direct government incentives towards full electric vehicles (EV) only.

  • Develop technologies such as hybrids to meet regulatory requirements going ahead.

  • Big investments to meet the demand of both conventional internal combustion engines (ICE) and electric vehicles.

Challenges in Government’s Vision

  • Huge investments required to build ICE and hybridisation capacity to feed 8 million vehicles.

  • More the investment in conventional, longer would be the transition from ICE to EVs.

  • No reuse of ICE (internal combustion engine) based technology after 2013 would be a huge financial loss.

  • Hybrids are going to be inevitable for larger displacement engines in order to meet CAFE (corporate average fleet emission) norms expected in 2022.

  • Companies focusing on only EVs would be out of business.

What is Hybrid Vehicle? Why is Hybridization Important

A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system.

  • Hybridization is going to be the bridge during the transition from ICE to EVs.

  • Incentives are not needed because incentive for hybrid solution is to meet regulatory environment

Why Are Incentives Required for EVs?

  • To make EVs attractive (for buyers) to spend more for possibly a small car, which is probably less aspirational in its appearance or in its segment that the same money on a hybridised larger car.

What is ICE?

  • An internal combustion engine (ICE) uses combustion of a fuel with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber to derive energy.
  • In an internal combustion engine, moves the component over a distance, transforming chemical energy into useful mechanical energy.

What is EV?

  • An electric vehicle uses electric motors for propulsion. It either is powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources, or may be self-contained with a battery, solar panels, or electric generator to convert fuel to electricity.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 29, 2018

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