Government’S National Family Health Survey 4 Shows Improved Sex Ratio and Decline in IMR (Download PDF)

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National Family Health Survey -4 (NFHS-4) surveys conducted for the year 2015 - 16 was unveiled by Health Ministry in New Delhi. India՚s health index has shown an improvement over the last decade including an improvement in sex ratio at birth and a decline in infant mortality rate as per the Government՚s national family health survey 4.

  • Survey is based on information collected from:
    • 7 lakh women
    • 1.3 lakh men
    • 6 lakh households.
  • First time, data is providing district level estimates.
  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) declined from 57 to 41 per 1,000 live births between NFHS-3 (2005 - 06) and NFHS-4.
Govt. Survey Shows Improved Sex Ratio, Decline in IMR

Highlights:

Institutional Births:

  • The institutional births “Dramatically” increased by 40 percent from 38.7 percent in NFHS-3 to 78.9 percent in NFHS-4.

Sex Ratio at Birth:

  • The survey also stated that sex ratio at birth improved from 912 to 919 (number of females per 1,000 males) at the national level over the last decade with the highest in Kerala (1,047) , followed by Meghalaya (1,009) and Chhattisgarh (977) .
Created with Highcharts 5.0. 7CategoryNEHS 3 - 4 in %National Family Health Survey-4 Sex Ratio (Females perThousand males) National Family Health Survey-4 Sex Ratio (Females per Thousand males)62.562.579.179.147.6647.6636.2736.2729.829.875.775.786.986.980.4680.4623.123.123.123.1NFHS-3 (2005 - 06) (in % term) NFHS-4 (2015 - 16) (in % term) WomanliteracyMenliteracyInstitutionaldeliv…InstitutionaldeliveriesMarriagebeforea…Marriagebeforeage18 (Females)Marriagebeforea…Marriagebeforeage21 (Males)0255075100Marriagebeforeage18 (Females) NFHS-4 (2015 - 16) (in % term): 23.1
Chart Representing the Data

Infant Mortality Rate:

  • The IMR substantially declined from 79 per 1,000 live births in NFHS-1 (1992 - 93) to 41 per 1,000 live births in NFHS-4.

Comparison of Infant and Child Mortality in Selected States between 1992 and 2015

Table Contain Shows Comparison of Infant and Child Mortality in Selected States between 1992 and 2015
StateInfant

Mortality

Rate

(NFHS 1 - 1992)

Infant

Mortality

Rate

(NFHS 3 - 2005)

Infant

Mortality

Rate

(NFHS 4 - 2015)

Child

Mortality

Rate

(NFHS 1 - 1992)

Child

Mortality

Rate

(NFHS 3 - 2005)

Child

Mortality

Rate

(NFHS 3 - 2015)

AP70.453.53591.263.241
Bihar89.261.748127.584.858
Karnataka65.442.22887.354.732
MP85.269.551130.394.265
TN67.730.42186.535.527
WB75.3482799.359.632
  • Infant Mortality Rate: Number of deaths in children under one year per 1,000 live births
  • Child Mortality Rate: Number of deaths in children under five year per 1,000 live births

About National Family Health Survey:

  • National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale, multi-round survey.
  • It conducted in sample of households throughout India.
  • NFHS-1 was conducted in 1992 - 93.
  • NFHS-2 was conducted in 1998 - 99 in all 26 states of India.
  • NFHS-3 was conducted in 2005 - 2006 in 29 states of India
  • NFHS-4 was carried out in 2014 - 2015 that collects data in each of India՚s 29 States and all 7 Union Territories.
  • NFHS-4 funding was provided by the Government of India.
  • Results from the first phase of NFHS-4,2015 - 16 has been made available.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 16, 2017

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