Great Indian Women (Yojana 2021) (Download PDF)

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Rani Durgawati

  • Wife of King Dalpat Shah.
  • Fort of Garhamandala lies about Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Gond tribesman used to rule the area in the sixteenth century.
  • She defeated and took the wind from sails of the grand army of Mughal emperor Akbar and became immortal among the great women of India.
  • Dalpat Shah of Garhamadala wanted to marry Durgawati but couldn՚t happen since Durgawati was a Rajput Kshatriya girl and Dalpat Shah was a ‘gond’ man born in a ‘bhil’ (tribal) family.
  • Dalpat Shah attacked Mahoba with full force in 1544 AD and he was able to marry Durgawati.
  • After just two years of marriage, Dalpat Shah died due to some ailment with a four-year-old son (Vir Narayan) left behind.
  • She carried forward several welfares works in her state.
    • Wells were dug for water in every nook and corner of the state.
    • Tanks and inns were constructed at several places.
    • Work for good roads also started.
    • Evil designs to capture power in Garhamandala were thwarted.
  • She went alone to fight the mighty army of Akbar on her own strength and the war began in 1564 AD.
  • After a fierce battle with Asaf Khan, she gave her life but did not compromise her honor.

Chand Sultana

  • Emperor Akbar planned to conquer entire southern India (then known as Deccan) in 1591.
  • Four big kingdoms namely Ahmadnagar, Khandesh, Bijapur and Golconda.
  • The rulers of the for kingdoms were asked to accept the subjugation of Akbar.
  • Chand Bibi ruled Ahmadnagar. She was the daughter of Hussain Nizam Shah and the wife of Adil Shah.
  • She had no dearth of wisdom, generalship, and political astuteness.
  • Called as ‘Nadirat-ul-Jamani’ or the matchless of women of her time in the whole world.
  • She put on a burqa and with sword in her hands jumped into the battlefield.
  • Shias and Sunnis were the two fractions in Ahmadnagar.
  • She led her soldiers from the front and gave spirited speeches to the soldiers in the battlefield.
  • The wall of Chand Bibi՚s fort was blown up by the Murad who laid mines.
  • She got moulded cannon balls from gold and silver and started attacking the army of Murad. Ahmednagar was completely safe.
  • Chand Bibi entered into an agreement with Murad and agreed to give neighboring area to Akbar.
  • After 5 years, the youngest son of Akbar conquered Ahmadnagar as there was no Chand Bibi to face him.
  • Akbar ordered for to search for the killers of Chand Biwi and soon the murders were killed.

Tarabai

  • A famous queen of Marathas.
  • She lived long for 86 years.
  • For 75 years she actively participated in the governance of Marathas.
  • During the long period, sometimes she herself ruled directly and sometimes on behalf of titular ruler whom she gave the throne keeping the reigns of administration in her own hands.
  • In the prison of Raigarh, Rajaram (13 years) was married to Tarabai (7 years) .
  • Rajaram along with his family had to take shelter in the fort of Pratapgarh after being attacked by Aurangzeb՚s army.
  • Tara name was given because of her beauty. She was also very wise and clever.
  • She earned name and fame by displaying her knowledge of governance and military strategy even during the lifetime of her husband.
  • She ruled over Maharashtra like a queen.
  • She was the real daughter-in-law of Shivaji.
  • Tarabai and other queens fell into the hands of Mughal army but subsequently were let off and reached Satara.
  • Tarabai was 25 years of age when Rajaram died in 1700 AD at the age of 30.
  • She posed a tough challenge to Aurangzeb and demoralized him badly.
  • She never bowed before the Mughals.
  • She wanted to rule herself on behalf of Ramraj while he would sit on the throne just for namesake only.
  • Tarabai offended many people in her lifetime but the person who suffered the most was her fake grandson Ramraj.
  • After Tarabai, Peshwas became the real rulers of Marathas.
  • Tarabai is believed to be the last brilliant star of Shivaji՚s dynasty.

Begum Hazrat Mahal

  • Freedom struggle of 1857.
  • Countrywide war against the misrule of British East India Company.
  • Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal emperor of Delhi.
  • The war of 1857 was an armed struggle for freedom by people to liberate the country from colonial rule.
  • Doctrine of Lapse: Dalhousie had made a policy to grab those princely states whose kings and rulers had died childless.
  • Begum Hazrat mahal was the wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Oudh.
  • Her rule began in Oudh from July 7,1857. She took the administration of behalf of her son after the imprisonment of Wajid Ali Shah in Calcutta.
  • She distributed the ranks in of nobles and advisers to Hindus and Muslims without any discrimination.
  • She opened her treasury for the liberation army and used to visit battlefield to encourage soldiers and see their organization.
  • In March 1858, armies of Collin Campbell and Outram equipped with fresh recruitments reached Lucknow.
  • March 6 to March 15 a fierce battle was fought in Lucknow resulting in the death of Begum Kothi.
  • On March 21, Whole Lucknow was occupied by the Britishers.
  • Begum Hazrat Mahal and Maulvi Ahmad Shah had already escaped from the siege of Lucknow.
  • She declined the declaration (ordinance) issued by Queen Victoria dated Nov 1,1858.
  • In the declaration of Queen, it was spelt out that the treaties the company had signed with Indian princess shall be acceptable to Queen Victoria.
  • The terrain of Uttar Pradesh was not fit for gorilla war while the British army was pushing from behind to drive away Nana Saheb and Begum Hazrat Mahal towards north.
  • King of Nepal Jang Bahadur gave shelter to Begum and her son in Nepal where they died.
  • The immortal saga of sacrifice and patriotism of this great lady in the graves besides the main road of Kathmandu.

Brave Rani Chennamma

  • A brave queen of Kittoor.
  • Chennamma means beautiful girl.
  • For the first time she inflicted severe jolts to the Britishers even in the 19th century.
  • First lady who readied herself to chase the Britishers out.
  • She raised a strong army against the Britishers to defend Kittoor.
  • She was born in 1778 in the royal family of Kakatiyas of Kittoor (Canara of Karnataka) .
  • She had learnt all sorts of martial tactics including horse riding, weapons, training, hunting, etc.
  • She learnt Kannada, Urdu, Marathi, and Sanskrit language.
  • She was married to king Mallasurj of Kittoor.
  • Kittoor was a famous business destination. With 72 forts, 358 villages.
  • Mallasurj was the 11th ruler of Kittoor estate.
  • Chennamma regarded Rudranma՚s son Shivalinga Rudrasurj as her son and taught him the art of estate administration like another princess.
  • Rani had very tactfully planned and thought over a strategy to face the Britishers.
  • Battlequeen Rani Chennamma was imprisoned by the Britishers.
  • She sacrificed herself to keep India՚s pride and honor with head held high.
  • In Karnataka, the tale of bravery of Kittoor Rani Chennamma is narrated in every household even now.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 17, 2021

Yojana, Women/Minority Empowerment

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