Green Carpenter Bee Jewel of Nature Scientists Fight to Save Green Carpenter

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Green Carpenter Bee Jewel of Nature Scientists Fight to Save Green Carpenter

  • The green carpenter bee is an iconic, beautiful native species described as a ‘Jewel of Nature’ for its metallic green and gold Colouring.
  • Carpenter bees are so named as they excavate their own nests in the wood, as opposed to using existing holes.
Green Carpenter Bee Jewel of Nature

Overview

  • The length of their body is about two centimetres.
  • It is among the largest native bees in Southern Australia.
  • Though not used in honey farming, it is an important pollinator for several species of Australian native plants.
  • The catastrophic bushfires last summer increased the risk of local extinction of this magnificent species.
  • The green carpenter bee has been studied for decades.
  • To see our efforts and more importantly, most of the habitats these bees rely on, destroyed by the 2020 fire was utterly devastating.
  • The green carpenter bee is a buzz pollinating species.
  • Buzz pollinators are specialist bees that vibrate the pollen out of the flowers of buzz-pollinated plants.
  • Many native plants rely completely on buzz pollinating bees for seed production. E. g.
    • Guinea flowers
    • Velvet bushes
    • Senna
    • Fringe
    • Chocolate
    • Flax lilies
  • The green carpenter bee went extinct on mainland South Australia in 1906 and in Victoria in 1938.
  • It still found on
    • relatively uncleared Western half of Kangaroo Island in South Australia
    • In conservation areas around Sydney
    • The great dividing range in New South Wales
  • The several reasons of green carpenter bees being vulnerable to fire are
    • The species uses dead wood for nesting, which burns easily
    • If the nest burns before the offspring matures in late summer, the adult female might fly away but would not live long enough to reproduce again
    • The bees need floral resources throughout the year.

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