Growing Influence of China in Indian Ocean Region (Important) (Download PDF)


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China is increasing its influence in the area to gain control over the region. In addition to the Belt and Road Initiative that we have covered extensively, following are some other ways adopted by China to increase its influence in this region.

Image of growing influence of china

Image of Growing Influence of China

Image of growing influence of china

Under Water Surveillance

  • China is developing underwater surveillance networks in Indian Ocean, South China Sea.

  • This network will help Chinese submarines to get stronger lock on targets.

  • This network will also help China to protect its coasts.

Building of Counter-Terrorism Base in Northern Afghanistan

  • China has announced financial support to construct counter-terrorism base in Badakshan province of northern Afghanistan that would prevent cross border infiltrations of the Chinese Uyghur militants.

  • The decision was taken during a meeting between the defence ministers of the two countries.

  • The Chinese funding will include all material (weaponry, uniforms for soldiers, military equipment expenses, and technical costs).

  • Chian fears that the Chinese Uyghurs militants are getting their training in the Afghan province of Badakshan and crossing the border to reach China.

Launch of 2 BeiDou-3 Navigation Satellites (Belt and Road Initiative)

  • China has successfully launched two BeiDou-3 satellites to provide navigation and positioning services to countries along Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) by the end of 2018.

  • These two satellites were launched on board of Long March-3B carrier rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in southwestern province of Sichuan.

  • BeiDou is 2nd generation of Chinese homegrown navigational system rival to US Global Positioning System (GPS).

  • Comprises constellation of total 35 satellites in two separate satellite constellations.

  • On its completion of launch of the satellites in 2020, it will provide services to global customers.

  • Currently it used for civilian services in field of navigation, messaging, transportation, and weather forecasting sectors. It also has military applications also.

Chinese Intrusions Image

Chinese Intrusions Image

Chinese Intrusions Image

Providing Internet Services to Nepal

  • Nepal has started accessing internet from China after commercial operation of Nepal-China optical fiber link via Rasuwagadhi gateway across Himalayan Mountains became operational.

  • The commercial operation of Chinese bandwidth project now ends Nepal’s sole dependence on India for internet bandwidth. It is considered a loss for India, both revenue wise and strategically.

  • It believed that initial speed by Chinese fibre link would be 1.5 Gigabit per second, less than 34gbps provided by India.

  • Chinese Internet gateway is also expected to facilitate service providers in Nepal to establish bandwidth connection with other countries via China.

  • It is also considered as milestone for developing internet infrastructure in Nepal and boost bilateral relations between both countries.

  • In December 2016, state owned Nepal Telecom (NT) had signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with China Telecom to acquire internet bandwidth. NT had begun transmission of project from September 2017.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 18, 2018

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