Highlight on Biodiversity- Expected Questions for 2017 (Download PDF)


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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to environment, biodiversity, ecosystem and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at Youtube@Examrace

NGT Halts Tawang Hydro Power Project

  • Tawang hydro power project in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Black-necked crane: Breeds on the Tibetan plateau and migrates to Tawang for the winter.
  • Listed in India’s Wildlife Act as a Schedule 1 species (gives animals and birds the highest legal protection)
  • India – “Vulnerable”- IUCN – Sacred to Buddhists
  • Common in China
  • Legally protected in Bhutan

Other Species in the Region:

  • Red Panda
  • Snow Leopard
  • Arunachal Macaque
 Location of Tawang

Location of Tawang

Location of Tawang

Biological Diversity Act, 2002

  • To conserve and promote sustainable use of biological diversity
  • To regulate the access to biological resources of the country with equitable share in benefits

Sets up:

  • National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)
  • State Biodiversity Board (SBB)
  • Biodiversity Management Committees

Protect knowledge of local communities, traditional knowledge related to biodiversity and secure sharing of benefits with local people.

South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN)

  • Approval for India
  • Ministry of Environment and Forests is the nodal agency
  • Helps to control the trans-boundary wildlife crime
  • SAWEN, a Regional network is comprised of eight countries in South Asia:

    • Afghanistan
    • Bangladesh
    • Bhutan
    • India
    • Maldives
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan
    • Sri Lanka
  • Strong regional intergovernmental body for combating wildlife crime
  • Region has precious biodiversity and large markets very vulnerable to illegal traffic and wildlife crimes.

Ballast Water Discharge

Used by ocean bound ships to provide balance and stability while navigation

  • Exotic species transported
  • Globally more than 10, 000 exotic marine species are transported
  • In India, the experts have found more than 10 invasive exotic species in the coastal waters of Kerala
  • Damage to our coastal ecosystems and lead to severe loss of biodiversity
  • 10 Common Species

    • Cholera Vibrio cholerae
    • Cladoceran Water Flea Cercopagis pengoi
    • Mitten Crab Eriocheir sinensis
    • Toxic algae (red/brown/green tides)
    • Round Goby Neogobius melanostomus
    • North American Comb Jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi
    • North Pacific Seastar Asterias amurensis
    • Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorpha
    • Asian Kelp Undaria pinnatifida
    • European Green Crab Carcinus maenas
    Process of Ballast Water Discharge

    Process of Ballast Water Discharge

    Process of Ballast Water Discharge

- Published/Last Modified on: March 20, 2017


Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.