Highlight on Government Policies & Schemes Contemporary –Expected Question 2017 Part-1 (Download PDF)

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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to Government Policies & Schemes Contemporary and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at YouTube@Examrace

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Expected Questions on Government Policies: UPSC IAS 2017

Dr. Manishika Jain in this video covers a variety of topics which are important for 2017. These include the expected questions on government policies.

Tele-Law Initiative

  • In Collaboration with Ministry of Electronics & IT
  • Legal aid to marginalized communities by common service centers at Panchayat Level
  • By Video conferencing
  • Pilot project in 500 CSCs in UP and Bihar
  • Connect citizen to legal service providers by technology enabled platform
  • Paralegal volunteer will be employed at each CSC

360 Degree System

  • Reforming Indian Bureaucracy
  • Decrease reliance on annual confidential reports
  • Holistic evaluation of skills, talents, social & personal parameters
  • All candidates regardless of average performance will be considered
  • Integrity assessed by reputation & CVC clearance
  • By 3 retired secretary level officials
  • Has new variables like subjective assessment

Telecommunication Initiatives

  • BSNL’s satellite phone service – to govt agency handling disaster, railways, BSF
  • Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Telecom Skill Excellence Award Scheme – recognize talent in telecom sector
  • Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Sanchar Kaushal Vikas Pratisthan Scheme – train 10, 000 people from 10 states (Phase-1)

Sampada (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters)

  • Restructure Food Processing Industries under Central Sector Scheme for 2016 - 2020
  • Incorporate Mega Food Parks, Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure, Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure
  • Supplement agriculture, modernize processing of agri products and decrease their wastage
  • Better price to farmers
  • Doubling income
  • Affordable price
  • 3 Schemes: ’Creation/Expansion of Food Processing and Preservation Capacities’, ’New Agro-Processing Clusters’, ’Backward and Forward Linkages’

E-Sanad

  • E-service for online verification and attestation of documents
  • Under Digital India program
  • Offer faceless, cashless, contactless and paperless document attestation services
  • Integrated with CBSE Academic repository
  • Integrated with Non- Tax Receipt Portal (NTRP) for enabling cashless payment.
  • Designed and developed by NIC

Vidya Veerta Abhiyaan

  • Encourage institutes to display portraits of Param Veer Chakra Soldiers
  • Wall of Heroes
  • Veergatha books: On 21 Param Veer Chakra awardees to educate school children about sacrifices made by Param Veer Chakra awardees
  • Param Veer Chakra (PVC) – Highest military award for all branches – equivalent to Medal of Honor in USA & Victoria Cross in UK
  • PVC design by Savitri Khanolkar, wife of Indian Army officer, Vikram Khanolkar of Sikh Regiment

Real Estate Act

  • Protect home buyers by transparency
  • Land is state subject
  • Buyers and developers of real estate property can seek relief by approaching Real Estate Regulatory Authorities against violation of the contractual obligations
  • Mandatory registration of projects and real estate agents
  • Deposit 70 % of the funds collected from buyers in a separate bank account for construction of the project

Operation Clean Money

  • Swachh Dhan Abhiyan
  • e-platform to analyse large cash deposits made during demonetisation window (9 Nov. to 30 Dec. 2016).
  • e-verification of large cash has been done using data analytics to compare demonetization data with information in ITD databases
  • Will send email and phone text messages
  • Verification will also be closed if the cash deposit is declared under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojna (PMGKY)

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana

  • In Dec 2016 on lines of Income Declaration Scheme 2016
  • Declare unaccounted wealth and black money in a confidential manner and avoid prosecution
  • Pay fine of 50 % on the undisclosed income
  • Additional 25 % of undisclosed income invested in the scheme which can be refunded after 4 years, without any interest
  • Not declaring undisclosed income under the PMGKY will attract a fine of 77.25 % if the income is shown in tax returns
  • If income is not shown in tax returns, it will attract further 10 % penalty followed by prosecution

Test & Treat Policy

  • For HIV patients
  • Tested & found positive will be treated free of cost
  • ART (Anti- Retroviral Therapy) irrespective of his CD count.
  • HIV destroys CD-4 T-cells & decreases immunity
  • 2nd country in world to have free life long treatment – more than 1 million

UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik)

  • Scheme from Jubbarhatti, outskirts of Shimla
  • 5 operators on 128 routes and 70 airports
  • Air India subsidiary Airline Allied Services, Air Deccan, Air Odisha, Turbo Megha, and Spice Jet.
  • 1 hour journey of 500 km – all inclusive Rs. 2500 (50 % seats at this rate)
  • Employment, investment & tourism
  • Component of National Civil Aviation Policy, 2016
  • Viability gap funding (VGF) - Money partly raised by levy imposed on flights operating in major routes – in place for 3 years
  • Operators benefit zero airport charges & 3-year exclusivity on routes
  • Inactive Airports: Shimla, Bikaner, Agra, Gwalior, Rourkela, Kadapa, Jharsuguda, Vidyanagar, Burnpur, Kullu, Diu, Mysore, Shillong, Jagdalpur, Salem, Utkela, and Hosur.

Cow IDs

  • Aadhar like IDs
  • Made of polyurethane
  • In response to PIL by Akhil Bharat Krishi Gosewa Sangh.
  • Stop trafficking & smuggling
  • As per EXIM policy – export will require valid license

Urja Mitra App

  • Real time information on power sharing
  • Rural Feeder Monitoring Scheme to monitor quantity and quality parameters of power supply in rural areas
  • Hosted on National Power Portal (NPP) on real time basis
  • Dec 2017 as deadline for 100 % rural feeder monitoring – install modems on all feeders

LED based Street Lighting National Program

  • Energy efficient
  • Life 50 times more than ordinary bulb
  • 8 - 10 times more than CFLs
  • Replace 2 lakh street lights in South Delhi Municipal Corporation – world’s largest street program

GeoMGNREGA Initiative

  • Geotag 1 crore assets in 7 months
  • Geotag water harvesting structures, plantations, rural infrastructure, flood control measures, individual assets for sustainable livelihood, community infrastructure
  • Bring transparency & accountability
  • MoU with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), ISRO and National Informatics Centre to geotag MGNREGA assets created under each village panchayats
  • Uploaded on Bhuvan portal by mobile app
  • Jan 2017: Kangra – 1st district to geotag all assets under MGNREGA

Capacity Building for EWR

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development & Ministry of Panchayati Raj
  • Launched a nationwide program for capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) of Panchayats
  • Women Sarpanch

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana

  • Launch Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank to support the entrepreneurs of SC/ST and OBC in MSME sector
  • Launched in 2015
  • MUDRA cards - permits access to working capital through ATMs and card machines
  • MUDRA loans for non-agricultural activities upto Rs. 10 lakh
  • Shishu: Loan up to Rs. 50, 000
  • Kishore: Loan ranging from Rs. 50, 000 to Rs. 5 lakh
  • Tarun: Loan ranging from Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh.

CSS (Centrally Sponsored Schemes) reduced from 66 to 28

  • Core Scheme: 20 schemes – fund sharing between center and state as 60: 40; for NE state & Himalayan States 90: 10
  • Core of Core Scheme: 6 scheme – fully funded by center - MGRNEA, National Social Assistance Plan and the National Programme for Persons with Disabilities.
  • Optional Scheme – 2 scheme – social protection & social inclusion - Centre and states is 50: 50 for general category states and 80: 20 for Northeastern and hilly states
  • Extended by central government to States under Article 282

Digital Payment Initiative

  • 14 SC/ST/OBC/Denotified Nomadic & Semi-nomadic tribes
  • Benefit 3.54 crore students
  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment - nodal ministry for implementation of 7 types of scholarships

- Published/Last Modified on: June 21, 2017

Policy-Governance

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