Highlight on Health Medical Developments-Expected Questions 2017 Part-6 (Download PDF)

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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to Defense and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at YouTube@Examrace

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Expected Questions on Health: UPSC IAS 2017

Dr. Manishika Jain in this video covers a variety of topics which are important for 2017. These include the expected questions on health.

Cheapest respiratory Filter

  • Nasofilters by IIT, Delhi
  • Restrict 95 % dust
  • Cost Rs. 10
  • Given National Startup Award
  • Protect against 2.5PM
  • Protection for 8 hours

Stent Price Regulated

  • Regulator National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)
  • Increase price of bare metal stents to Rs. 7, 400 Rs. & drug-eluting stent to Rs. 30, 180
  • Stent is a tube-shaped device to keep open the arteries
  • Bare-metal stent: Mesh-like tube of thin wire made of 316L stainless steel & 2nd generation use cobalt chromium alloy. Has risk of restenosis – growth of tissue and narrowing of vessels
  • Drug-eluting stents: Slowly releases a drug to block cell proliferation
  • Included under National List of Essential Medicines

World’s Smallest Pacemaker

  • Micra Transcatheter Pacing System (TPS)
  • Developed in United States
  • Size of large vitamin capsule
  • For bradycardia: slow heart rate, usually fewer than 60 beats per minute
  • 1/10th size of original pacemaker

Arcylamide

  • Starchy food when roasted to 120℃ and more release acrylamide (plastic derivative)
  • Formed when asparagine (building block of protien) is heated
  • Brown toast, crisps, chips
  • Can lead to cancer

Appendix (New Role Discovered)

  • Higher concentrations of immune (lymphoid) tissue in cecum
  • Safe house for gut bacteria

Mesentry (New Organ Discovered)

  • 79th Organ
  • Connect intestine to abdomen
  • Fold of the peritoneum
  • Fragmented Structure

Solar Powered Skin

  • Developed for prosthetic limbs
  • Better touch, temperature and texture
  • Sun provides 15 times more energy to power it
  • From University of Glasgow

1st Blood Test for Autism

  • Investigate metabolites
  • Developmental disability caused by differences in the brain.
  • Affects 1.5 % of individuals
  • Cause: not known, but genetic and environmental factors
  • May communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people.
  • Early intervention can improve development

Litchi - Toxins

  • Low blood glucose level and acute encephalopathy leading to seizures and coma – empty stomach
  • Toxins hypoglycin A and methylenecyclopropyl-glycine (MCPG)
  • Hypoglycin A causes Jamaican Vomiting Sickness
  • MCPG: Drop in blood sugar & unconsciousness

Neurocalyx calycinus

  • Medicinal Plant endemic to Sri lanka
  • Discovered based on knowledge of Cholanaickan tribe (vulnerable groups in Kerala) used it to treat inflammations and wounds
  • Wound healing similar to iodine
  • Anti-inflammatory similar to diclofenac
  • High vitamin E content

New Species of Ginger

  • Zingiber pseudosquarrosum
  • Used by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of the Andamans
  • Red stem & lotus shaped flowers
  • Tuberous roots
  • Abdominal pain and anti-helminthic troubles

- Published/Last Modified on: June 8, 2017

Health

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2018 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, CBSE-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.