Holistic Approach Towards Rural Development (Kurukshetra January 2021) (Download PDF)

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Holistic Approach Towards Rural Development

  • India has over 1.3 billion people spread over 650,000 + villages, 4000 + small towns and cities, 715 aspirational districts.
  • 8 Tier-1 metro cities, 55000 + startups, 400 + incubators and over 34 Unicorns India is one of the fastest growing Startup Nations in the world.
  • Over 70 % of the population of India are in Tier-2 and Tier-3 cities and in rural agri dominant India.
  • Global economy is galloping towards growth leveraging emerging technologies.
  • 3-D printing, robotics, IOT and sensor technologies, augmented and virtual reality.
  • Becoming advanced yet affordable, accessible, and available.
  • Automation of mundane tasks, to higher productivity, and technology driven growth.
  • Inevitably change the way of interaction, communication, transaction reaching global markets soon.

Delivering Quality Education

  • Need for technology driven practical education.
  • Stated in the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
  • Importance of developing relevant skillsets for an agile world.
  • Importance of experiential learning.
  • Data driven approaches for solving problems at hand.

Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs)

  • Launched by the Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog.
  • State of the art labs created in schools.
  • Children are introduced to new emerging technology tookits.
  • Toolkits are miniaturized electronics devices, 3-D printers, sensors, Robotics, Arduino kits, etc.
  • Focus on creating a pedagogy for making quality delivery easy and accessible for all.
  • Not part of the approved mainstream curriculum.
  • Make school students equipped with the right skill sets required to adopt the next-gen technologies.
  • Various departments of govt. conducting similar such initiatives: Skill sets of Ideation, Design thinking, Computational thinking, Physical thinking, etc.

Youth as Change Makers

  • To achieve the SDG goals by 2030.
  • Youth to be at the front and center of the solutions that are being created.
  • Low penetration of the self-employment and start-up ecosystem in the rural, Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities of the country.
  • Providing an institutional based structure.
  • Solving community challenges.
  • Potentially creating solutions for global markets.
  • Atal Innovation Mission of NITI Aayog by establishing Atal Community Innovation Centers (ACICs) along the underserved/unserved regions of the country.

Focus of ACICs:

  • Creating awareness about the SDGs.
  • Providing young innovators with an opportunity to grow making a difference.

Creating a Rural Community Youth Fellowship Program

  • Harnessing the talent of a young innovator.
  • Giving the youth space and support to start and grow local enterprises.
  • Creating a viable solution to a local SDG challenge.
  • Program would be highly beneficial in a Tier 2 and Tier 3 city including the rural areas that traditionally don՚t have a strong entrepreneurial ecosystem.
  • Imperative that the fellowship program is strongly supported by PPP network.
  • Fellowship with a relevant business challenges derived from triple bottom-line goals.
  • Guiding the fellows through the entire process of developing and implementing the solution.
  • Fellowship can also be treated as an on-job-training for the fellows.
  • Fellow may receive a placement offer from the associated corporate or a certificate of recognition.
  • Explore liaising the with the state and district innovation cells and tapping into the currently unutilized District Innovation Funds.

Agrarian Economy: Digital Push and Transformation

  • Farm mechanization and creation of sustainable value chains.
  • Farm to fork model is complex and has challenges that the startup and rural India is still struggling to solve.
  • Introduction of technologies like AI and block chain, farming woes of the country can be solved.
  • Startups can provide farmers with quality seeds, technology driven irrigation and precision agriculture mechanisms, water conservation, demand forecast based market opportunities in the pre-harvesting phase.
  • To make a value-added product, the startup and farmers can also enter into an agreement from the farm product and sell the product in the market together.
  • FPOs (Farmer Producer organization) provide the farmer with an added opportunity of creating a bigger value adding network and driving an integrated approach towards creating a vibrant rural economy.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 13, 2021

Education, International Relations/Organizations, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra

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