How are Castes Included in Scheduled Caste List? (Important) (Download PDF)

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Scheduled Castes are specified under the provisions of Article 341 of the Constitution of India. Government has Modalities for deciding claims for inclusion in, exclusion from and other modifications in the list of Scheduled Castes.

Image of Scheduled Tribes

Image of Scheduled Tribes

Image of Scheduled Tribes

  • Only proposals of the State Governments and Union territory Administrations agreed to both by the Registrar General of India and the National Commission for Scheduled Castes, are processed further for amending legislation as stipulated in clause (2) of Article 341 of the Constitution of India.
  • Criteria for inclusion of a caste in the list of Scheduled Castes is extreme social, educational, and economic backwardness arising out of traditional practice of untouchability.
  • During the last three years proposal of Are Katika, Katika caste has been received from the State of Telengana.

Statistics: Scheduled Castes and Tribes in India

  • Scheduled Tribes

  • Total population of Scheduled Tribes is 84, 326, 240 accounting for 8.2 % of the total population
  • Majority of the Scheduled tribe population live in rural areas and their population is 10.4 % of the total rural population.
  • Share of the Scheduled Tribe population in urban areas is a meager 2.4%.
  • Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Orissa, Gujrat, Rajsthan, Jharkhand, Chhatishgarh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Karnataka have larger number of Scheduled Tribes accounting for 83.2 % of the total Scheduled Tribe population.
  • Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Jammu & Kashmir, Tripura, Mizoram, Bihar, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, account for another 15.3 % of the total Scheduled Tribe population.

Scheduled Castes

Image of Scheduled Castes

Image of Scheduled Castes

Image of Scheduled Castes

  • Total population of the Scheduled Castes in the country (excluding the population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur) is 166, 635, 700 which constitute 16.2 % of the total population.
  • Uttar Pradesh (35, 148, 377) has the largest Scheduled Caste population, followed by West Bengal (18, 452, 555) and Bihar (13, 048, 608). These along with Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Punjab comprise the group of ‘top ten’ states with large Scheduled Caste population.
  • In Nagaland, Lakshdweep, and A & N Islands, no Scheduled Caste is notified.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 9, 2017

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