How is Chandrayaan-2 Going to Work? Likely in April: India’S Second Mission to the Moon (Download PDF)

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The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to launch Chandrayan-2 Mission around April this year. Chandrayaan-2 is the country’s second mission to the moon. The total cost of the Chandrayaan-2 mission will be about Rs. 8 billion. If the mission could not be launched in April, the next target for launching will be October.

Image of India's 2<sup>nd</sup> moon mission - Chandrayaab - 2

Image of India’s 2nd moon mission - Chandrayaab - 2

Image of India’s 2nd moon mission - Chandrayaab - 2

Why is Chandrayaan-2 a Challenging Mission?

  • Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of chandrayan-1 and it is as good as landing a man on the moon

  • First mission to carry an orbiter, a lander and a rover to the moon

  • The Payloads include 6 on Orbiter; 3 on Lander and 2 on Rover

  • Chandrayaan-2 will be ISRO’s first inter-planetary mission to land a rover on any celestial body.

  • Landing the rover near the south pole is challenging as that area has not been explored by other missions

How is Chandrayaan-2 Going to Work?

  • After reaching the 100 km lunar orbit, the lander housing the rover will separate from the orbiter.

  • After a controlled descent, the lander will soft land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a rover.

  • The six-wheeled rover will move around the landing site in semi-autonomous mode as decided by the ground commands.

  • The instruments on the rover will observe the lunar surface and send back data useful for analysis of the lunar soil.

What Was Chandrayaan-1 Mission?

  • Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first lunar probe.

  • The mission included a lunar orbiter and an impactor.

  • India launched the spacecraft using a PSLV-XL rocket.

  • The mission was a major boost to India’s space program as India researched and developed its own technology in order to explore the Moon.

  • This was the mission when India found water on the moon surface.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 19, 2018

Space/ISRO

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