Htin Kyaw Becomes First Civilian President of Myanmar (Download PDF)


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After 53 years of military rule Htin Kyaw (69) is appointed as the first civilian (non-military) President of the country by Myanmar Parliament. He has secured 360 votes out of 652 and beaten Military-nominated Myint Swe with 213 votes, NLD candidate, Henry Van Thio at third position who got 79 votes.

  • They will serve as first vice-president and second vice-president of the country.
  • He is the candidate of National League for Democracy (NLD) party.

About Htin Kyaw:

  • He was born on 20 July 1946 and his father was a famous writer and early member of the NLD.
  • Htin Kyaw is a close helper and adviser of Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi who is the leader of NLD party that has majority in the parliament.
  • He will succeed Thein Sein as President who will retire at end of March 2016 due to completion of his five years of army-backed rule.
  • He had worked as a university teacher and also held different positions in the Myanmar’s Ministry of Industry in the late 1970s and 1980s.

Presidential Election Process

  • President is elected under a complex system in which the two chambers of parliament nominate two presidential candidates and military MPs nominated a third candidate, assuring the army continued influence according to the constitution of Myanmar which was adopted in 2008.
  • Under the constitution the army also retains 25 % of seats in parliament giving it an effective veto on constitutional change.
  • It also retains key ministerial portfolios related to security.


  • NLD had swept historic victory with a huge majority in both houses of parliament in November 2015 general elections.
  • Leader of NLD Aung San Suu Kyi was stripped from successively for post of President because a section in the 2008 constitution that says anyone whose children having nationality of another country cannot become president.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 16, 2016


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