Human Genome Project (DTE 16 - 30 June 2020)

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  • An international scientific research project.
  • Successful completion in the year 2003.
  • Sequencing the entire human genome of 3.3 billion base pairs.
  • A genome is an organism՚s complete set of Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) .
    • Includes all of its genes.
    • Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain that organism.

Led to the growth of bioinformatics-a vast field of the research.

Goals

  • Optimization of data analysis
  • Complete human genome identification
  • Creation of genome sequence database
  • Taking care of the legal, ethical and social issues of the project.

Features

  • Our entire genome is made up of 3164.7 nucleotides.
  • A gene is made up of 3000 nucleotides on an average.
  • Less than 25 of the genome have been used so far for coding Proteins.
  • Most of the genome is made up of repetitive sequences.

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