IIT Madras Develops India’S 1st Indigenous Microprocessor (Important) (Download PDF)


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Researchers from Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) have designed India’s 1st indigenous microprocessor called ‘Shakti’. It is aimed at developing industrial-grade microprocessors & other components of microprocessor ecosystem.

Imagr of Microprocessor

Imagr of Microprocessor

Imagr of Microprocessor

  • It will help to reduce dependency on imported microchips & risk of cyber-attacks.
  • Microprocessors are brain of all computing & electronic devices & are used to operate larger high-speed systems & supercomputers.

Shakti Microprocessor

  • It was designed, developed, & booted by IIT Madras w/microchip fabricated in ISRO’s Semi-Conductor Laboratory at Chandigarh.

  • It is developed under project partly funded by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), as part of 2-decade-old efforts to develop indigenous microprocessors.

  • Its design originates from open source instruction set architecture (ISA), set of basic instructions called RISC V, which makes it customisable to any device.

  • ISA is programming or machine language & provides commands to processor instructing it on functions to be executed.

  • RISC-V is open, free ISA which enables new era of processor innovation thru open standard collaboration. It delivers new level of free, extensible software & hardware freedom on architecture.

Significance of Shakti Microprocessor

  • It will reduce dependency on imported microchips especially in communication & defence sectors & thus eliminate risk of cyber-attacks.

  • It can be used in mobile computing, wireless & networking systems.

  • It may provide power to mobile phones, smart meters & surveillance cameras.


  • IIT M researchers are now conducting research on ‘Parashakti’, advanced microprocessor for supercomputers.

  • It will be super scaler processor that will be ready by December 2018.

  • It will have its applications in desktops & 32 such interconnected microprocessors may be used in supercomputers.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 7, 2018

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