IUCN: Snow Leopard No Longer Endangered, Mouse Deer in Telangana Forest, New Species (Download PDF)

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International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) changed conservation status of snow leopard from “endangered” to “vulnerable” after three-year assessment. Changed 45 years after snow leopard first declared endangered in 1972.

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  • Snow leopard species unfortunately still faces serious threats due to poaching and habitat destruction.

IUCN Classification

  • Critically Endangered Species: Numbers have decreased, or will decrease by 80 % within three generations.
  • Endangered Species: Have fewer than 2,500 members and are experiencing high rate of decline.
  • Vulnerable Species: Have fewer than 10,000 members with population has decline of 10 % over three generations.
  • Extinct: Last existing member of that species dies
  • Functionally Extinct: Only a handful of surviving individuals are unable to reproduce due to poor health, age, sparse distribution
  • Extinct in Wild: Do not have living specimens in the wild, and maintained only in zoos or artificial environments.

Snow Leopard

Snow Leopard
  • It is National Heritage Animal of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • Snow leopard (Panthera uncial) is large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia- including Himalayas, and Russia՚s remote Altai mountains.
  • Inhabits in alpine and subalpine zones at elevations from 3,000 to 4,500 m.
  • In northern countries can also found at lower elevations.
  • Threatened by poaching for their fur and habitat destruction due to infrastructure development and climate change.
  • Mostly feeds on wild animals, but also preys on livestock.
  • Usually hunts at dawn and dusk and can kill prey up to three times their own weight.

1StTime for Mouse Deer in Telangana Forest

Telangana Forest Department for first time re-introduced ‘mouse deer’ in forests of Nallamalla in Amrabad Tiger Reserve (ATR) .

Mouse Deer in Telangana Forest
  • Two male and six females mouse deer released were bred at Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad.
  • Now in semi-wild conditions with protected enclosure of 2.14 hectares.
  • Provides opportunity to field biologists and forest staff to monitor adaptability and behaviour in natural setting
  • Final aim is to release them into the wild.

Conservation of Mouse Deer

  • Nehru Zoological Park was carrying out a breeding programme for conservation of mouse-deer.
  • The program was in collaboration with Laboratory for Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES) of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) , and Central Zoo Authority, Delhi.
  • The program raised 172 mouse-deers- 76 females

What is Mouse Deer?

  • It is the smallest known ungulates (large mammals) found naturally in Indian deciduous and evergreen forests.
  • Mouse deer or Spotted Chevrotain is an endangered species with population declining due to habitat destruction and poaching
  • It is nocturnal
  • Biologically it is not a true deer, but shares suborder Ruminantia with deer and has its own family- Tragulidae.

Labeo Filiferus is the New Species of Commercially Exploitable Edible Fish in Pampa River in Kerala

Labeo Filiferus
  • Word “filiferus” refers to the very long dorsal fin of the species.
  • It is second fish belonging to Labeo genus to be discovered in Kerala after L. dussumieri.
  • Found in entire stretch of Pampa River running through Edakadathy in Pathanamthitta.
  • Characteristics include black coloured body and fins, smaller eyes, longer snout, prominent barbels and elongated dorsal and anal fins.
  • 20 to 40 cm long and weighing upto four to five kilograms.
  • Eyes are brilliantly coloured with orange tinge.
  • Can be farmed on a commercial scale.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 9, 2017

Environment/Ecology

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