Impact of Climate Change in India : Costing India $10 Billion/Year (Important) (Download PDF)

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According to Parliamentary Standing Committee on Agriculture, extreme weather events are costing India $9 - 10 billion annually with climate change projected to impact agricultural productivity with increasing severity from 2020.

Image of Impact of Climate Change In India

Image of Impact of Climate Change In India

Image of Impact of Climate Change In India

Although extreme weather events not always linked to climate, change but their increased frequency and is read as fallout of climate change. Following are important impacts:

Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture

Image of Climate Change on Agriculture

Image of Climate Change on Agriculture

Image of Climate Change on Agriculture

Decrease in Productivity

  • Impact on productivity of major crops might be marginal in the next few years but it could rise to as much as 10 - 40 % by 2100.

  • Major crops such as wheat, rice, oilseeds, pulses, fruits, and vegetables will see reduced yields over the years turning India into a major importer of oilseeds, pulses and even milk

  • Farming must adapts to climate change-induced changes in weather through different cropping patterns and suitable inputs to compensate for yield fluctuations.

Food Security

  • Indian agriculture is susceptible to vagaries of climate change and has low adaptation capacity posing significant risk to food security.

  • By 2030, India needs 70 million tonnes more food grains than expected production in 2016 - 17, however demand for food is going to increase due to an increasing population, expanding urbanization, and rising income.

Image of Climate Change Impacts In India

Image of Climate Change Impacts In India

Image of Climate Change Impacts In India

Projected Food Demand

  • ICAR-National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research projects the food demand to 345 million tonnes (MT) by 2030 around 30 % higher than in 2011.

  • The projected demands in 2030 for fruits, vegetables, milk, animal products (meat, eggs and fish), sugar and edible oil estimated to be 2 - 3 times more than that in 2011.

Economic Losses

  • India currently incurs losses of about $9 - 10 billion annually due to extreme weather events with nearly 80 % losses uninsured.

  • Quantum of losses are going to increase substantially in future due to climate change especially on farm productivity.

Improve in Yields

Though climate change will decrease in yields of certain crops in traditional sown areas, it will increase yields elsewhere due to change in weather patter- soybean, chickpea, groundnut, coconut (western coast) and potato (in Punjab, Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh).

- Published/Last Modified on: September 21, 2017

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