Important Topics on Environmental Protection - Expected Questions for 2017 (Download PDF)

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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to environment, biodiversity, ecosystem and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at Youtube@Examrace

Expected Questions on Environment and Biodiversity Part 1

Carbon Sequestration

  • Carbon Sequestration is the process by which CO2 is captured from the atmosphere for long term storage to slow down the accumulation of greenhouse gases
  • Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) has prepared a hierarchy of local trees in India on the basis of their capacity for carbon sequestration
  • Teak has the highest capacity: Absorb 3.70 lakh tones of CO2 from the atmosphere in its life-time
  • Fast Growing
  • Long Lived
  • Large Leaves
  • Native Species
  • Low Maintenance, Disease Resistant

Best ones:

  • Yellow Poplar
  • Silver Maple
  • Oak
  • Chestnut
  • Red Mulberry
Carbon Sequestration Options

Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill

For: Establishment of funds under the public accounts of Centre and each State towards compensatory afforestation

Provides for: Additional afforestation and penal compensatory afforestation to regulate collected funds


  • Establish National Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of India, and State Compensatory Afforestation Fund under Public Account of each state
  • Payments into the funds include compensatory afforestation, net present value of forest (NPV) , and any project specific payments
  • National Fund will get 10 % of funds collected and the remaining 90 % will go to Respective State Fund
  • Funds to bee used for afforestation, regeneration of forest ecosystem, wild life protection and forest related infrastructure development
  • Determination of NPV will be delegated to an expert committee constituted by the central government

National Hydrology Project

Aim: To collect hydro-meteorological data across India and use it for efficient water management in the country


  • In Situ Hydromet Monitoring System and Hydromet Data Acquisition System.
  • Setting up of National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) .
  • Water Resources Operation and Management System
  • Water Resources Institutions and Capacity Building
  • Cover the entire country, unlike earlier hydrology projects that covered only 13 states
  • Funding pattern -50 % would come from World Bank loans while the rest would be given as budgetary support
Expected Questions on Environment and Biodiversity Part 2

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017


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