Important Topis on Flora & Fauna (IUCN)- Expected Questions for 2017 (Download PDF)

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We will be covering the important questions and topics for competitive examinations for 2017 related to environment, biodiversity, ecosystem and related policies. As per video tutorials and lectures at Youtube@Examrace

Expected Questions on Environment and Biodiversity Part 1

Critically Endangered Birds

Bengal Florican

Bengal Florican
  • Very well known for its mating dance.
  • Native to only 3 countries -Cambodia, India and Nepal.
  • In India- Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

Himalayan Quail

Himalayan Quail
  • Tall grass and scrub on steep hillsides.
  • Western Himalayas.

Pink-headed Duck

Pink-Headed Duck
  • Males have a deep pink head and neck from which the bird derives its name.
  • Overgrown still-water pools, marshes and swamps in lowland forests and tall grasslands.
  • Recorded in India, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
  • Maximum records are from north-east India.

Critically Endangered Birds

Spoon Billed Sandpiper

Spoon Billed Sandpiper
  • Some of last existing wintering grounds of this species.
  • Coastal areas with sparse vegetation.
  • No breeding records further inland than 7 km from the seashore.
  • West Bengal, Orissa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Siberian Crane

Siberian Crane
  • Migratory bird that breeds and winters in wetlands.
  • They are known to winter at Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan.
  • Wetland areas.

Critically Endangered


  • Most uniquely evolved crocodilian in the world
  • Specialized, river-dwelling, fish-eater.
  • Clean rivers with sand banks.
  • Only viable population in the National Chambal Sanctuary, spread across three states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh in India.
  • Small non-breeding populations in Son, Gandak, Hoogly and Ghagra rivers.
  • Extinct in Myanmar, Pakistan, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Hawksbill Turtle

Hawksbill Turtle
  • Migratory in nature and nesting occurs in about 70 countries across the world.
  • Maturation is slow - 25 - 40 years.
  • Nesting occurs on insular, sandy beaches.
  • In India - Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tamil Nadu and Orissa.
  • Turtle shell trade
  • Egg collection, slaughter for mea
  • Oil pollution and destruction of nesting and foraging habitats.
Expected Questions on Environment and Biodiversity Part 2

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017


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