Increase in Lifestyle Diseases in India: Causes, Prevention, and Solution (Download PDF)


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Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) & other Institutes conduct studies on lifestyle disease. According to ICMR India State-Level Disease Burden Study report “India: Health of the Nation’s States”, estimated proportion of all deaths due to Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) has increased from 37.09 % in 1990 to 61.8 % in 2016.

Image of NVD deaths in india - The numbers

Image of NVD Deaths in India - The Numbers

Image of NVD deaths in india - The numbers

What Data Says?

  • As per National Family Health Survey (NFHS), 2015 - 16,11 % of women (1 in 10) & 15 % of men (1 in 7) of age 15 - 49 are hypertensive.

  • As per ICMR’s cancer registry data, estimated incidences of cancer patients in India are rapidly increasing.

Government’s Effort to Combat this Challenge

  • Govt. has formulated National Health Policy, 2017, which aims attainment of highest possible level of good health & well-being for all at all ages, thru preventive & promotive health care orientation in all developmental policies, & universal access to good quality health care services w/o anyone having to face financial hardship as consequence.

  • Policy seeks to move away from Sick- care to Wellness, w/thrust on prevention & Health promotion.

  • Policy seeks to reduce premature mortality from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory diseases.

  • GoI is implementing National Programme for Prevention & Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases & Stroke (NPCDCS) under National Health Mission.

  • Objective of programme includes awareness generation for Cancer prevention, screening, early detection & referral to appropriate level institution for treatment. For Cancer, focus is on 3 Cancer namely breast, cervical & oral.

  • For early diagnosis, population level initiative of prevention, control & screening of common NCDs (diabetes, hypertension & cancers viz. oral, breast & cervical cancer) is rolled out in over 150 districts of country in 2017 - 18 under NHM, as part of comprehensive primary healthcare. Initiative will not only help in early diagnosis but will generate awareness on risk factors of common NCDs.

  • Under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY), 6 new AIIMS are set up & up gradation of identified medical colleges is undertaken which will improve tertiary care facilities for NCDs including Diabetes.

  • In collaboration w/Ministry of AYUSH, initiative to use knowledge available in AYUSH system of medicines for prevention & control of Non-communicable Diseases is being implemented in 6 dist. on pilot basis.

Indian Council of Medical Research (Indian Research Fund Association)

  • Formed in – 1911 as IRFA & 1949 renamed to ICMR

  • Headquarter – New Delhi

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

  • PMSSY was announced in 2003.

  • Its objectives are correcting regional imbalances in availability of affordable & reliable tertiary healthcare services & augment facilities for quality medical education in country.

  • It establishes AIIMS in various regions of India apart from diff. govt. colleges.

  • It is funded from diff. centrally sponsored schemes relating to creating infrastructure on health.

  • Under PMSSY, Govt. is planning to set up 20 AIIMS across country.

  • AIIMs are established in Bhubaneswar (Odisha), Bhopal (MP), Raipur (Chattisgarh), Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Rishikesh (U’Khand) & Patna (Bihar).

- Published/Last Modified on: October 3, 2018

Policy/Governance, Health

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