India-Algeria Relations (Download PDF)

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Algeria is the tenth largest country in the world. Largest in the Arab world and Africa. Algeria is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Algiers is the most populous city.

Strategic Aspect

  • Algiers is located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast.
  • Bordered to the northeast by Tunisia.
  • To the east by Libya.
  • To the west by Morocco.
  • To the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania and Mali.
  • To the southeast by Niger and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (countries) .
  • Highest human development index of all non-island African countries.
  • Based largely on energy exports.
  • 16th largest oil reserves in the world (second largest in Africa, ninth largest reserves of natural gas) .
  • One of the largest militaries in Africa with the largest defence budget.


  • The African Union
  • The Arab League
  • OPEC
  • The United Nations
  • The Arab Maghreb Union

Existing Ties between India and Algeria

  • Growing bilateral ties.
  • Both nations are part of the Non-Aligned Movement.
  • Member of the African Union.
  • Algeria supports India՚s candidacy for a permanent seat in a reformed Security Council.
  • Collaboration in the oil sector.
  • Maruti-Indian Car Company has the third largest export market and exporting nearly 17,247 cars in the year 2011 - 12.
  • Algeria received US $ 1 million as humanitarian aid for ″ the victims of the earthquake which struck Algeria in May 2003.
  • Medicines and construction steel for the houses for the victims was handed over in October 2006.
  • Algerian Satellite Alsat 2A was launched by the ISRO into orbit in July 2010.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 31, 2020

International Relations/Organizations

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