India Hosts Global Wildlife Programme to Address Illegal Wildlife Trade (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for IAS is prepared by world's top subject experts: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 179.32 K)

To address illegal wildlife trade across 19 countries of Asia and Africa, India is hosting the Global Wildlife Programme (GWP) jointly with World Bank and United Nations Development Programme.

Image of Illegal Wildlife Trade Data India

Image of Illegal Wildlife Trade Data India

Image of Illegal Wildlife Trade Data India

  • Coinciding with the ‘Wildlife Week’, the theme of the Conference is - “Peoples’ participation in wildlife conservation”.

  • Conference provided a platform for knowledge exchange and coordination on ground to combat illegal poaching of wildlife and improve governance on wildlife conservation.

  • Meeting hosted wildlife experts, leading practitioners across 19 GWP countries, government representatives from India’s forestry and conservation sectors, leading corporate associated with environmental and biodiversity conservation, civil society organisations and school children.

  • Participating nations included – Afghanistan, Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gabon, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Philippines, Republic of Congo, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  • Representatives of World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) were also present

  • The conference called for policy shift in programmes related to wildlife from around national parks and sanctuaries to the landscape of the region.

  • Conference also discussed impact global warming, climate change and disaster management on the people living around wildlife areas and on the wildlife.

  • Conference strengthens cooperation between India and the 18 GWP countries in management of wildlife habitats and minimizing human-wildlife conflict situations.

  • Similar Programmes had been convened at Gland (Switzerland), Hanoi (Vietnam), Nairobi (Kenya) and Liberville (Gabon)

Role of India

  • India is playing a leadership role in management of wildlife through involvement of local communities and peoples’ participation at societal level

  • Five crore people living around national parks and sanctuaries are being engaged as partners in environment conservation.

  • Enables India to strengthen its enforcement mechanism to control illicit trade.

  • Conference provided an opportunity for India to highlight its conservation efforts through joint forest management, vana sanrakshan samitis, and eco-development committees in and around protected areas.

Discussions in GWP

  • The GWP will hold discussions on:

  • Management of wildlife habitat

  • Securing sustainable community livelihood

  • Enhancing enforcement, monitoring, cooperation to reduce wildlife crimes such as poaching and related threats

Proposed Outcomes from India

  • Reiterate Mahatma Gandhi principles to the world with the conference coinciding with Gandhi Jayanti and UN International Day of Non- Violence on October 2,2017

  • Take leadership in Wildlife Conservation- showcasing India’s conservation models for Asiatic lion, single horn rhino, tiger, and Asiatic elephants

  • Consolidate “people’s participation for wildlife conservation”.

  • Address unaccounted black money generated through illegal wildlife trade at global market

  • Sensitize stakeholders- governments, corporate, banks, public sectors, media, youth for investments in wildlife conservation

  • Develop sustainable models for wildlife conservation thorough peoples’ participation in 19 GWP countries.

What is Global Wildlife Programme?

  • Led by the World Bank, the Global Wildlife Programme was initiated in 2015.

  • Promotes wildlife conservation and sustainable development by combatting illicit trafficking in wildlife.

  • Seven-year, $131 million grant program leverages an additional $704 million in additional co-financing from partners promoting investments across Africa and Asia.

  • Seeks to reduce both the supply and demand that drives the illegal wildlife trade, and protect species and habitats through integrated landscape planning.

Global Wildlife Programme Objectives

  • Promote community-based natural resource management and tourism development

  • Help countries achieve their biodiversity goals through National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, Elephant Action Plan and other wildlife and tourism national strategies.

  • Accelerate learning through online repository of information, training, and capacity building workshops.

  • Enhance collaboration through

    • Intergovernmental cooperation on monitoring and evaluation

    • Geospatial tools providing increased intelligence sharing to track criminals

    • Collaborate on efforts around anti-money laundering

    • Share capture lessons learned, best practices, and innovative communication strategies.

    • Promote best practices in ports for reducing maritime transport of illegal wildlife products, especially ivory.

  • Strengthen partnerships to build synergies with the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC) - collaboration between the CITES Secretariat, INTERPOL, UNODC, the World Customs Organization and the WBG.

  • Implement a monitoring and evaluation framework to promote synergies amongst national projects.

  • Coordinate programs with the GEF Secretariat and implementing agencies to ensure coordination amongst projects within and beyond the program as an important aspect for implementation of GEF-6 (2014 - 2018) Biodiversity Strategy program.

  • Target other focal areas of the GEF-6: Biodiversity, Land Degradation, Climate Change, and Sustainable Forest Management.

  • Promote donor coordination to assess the current state of international funding to tackle illicit trafficking in wildlife.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 5, 2017


Developed by: