India Ratifies 2<Sup>nd</Sup> Commitment Period of Kyoto Protocol (Download PDF)

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India ratified second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol to contain the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and deposited Instrument of Acceptance of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol.

The Kyoto Protocol
  • India became 80th country to accept the amendment relating to the second commitment period (2013 - 2020) of the Kyoto Protocol.
  • Under the second commitment period, implementation of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects will help India attract some investments.

Kyoto Protocol

  • International GHGs emissions reduction treaty ofUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) .
  • Commits the signing countries to GHGs emission reduction targets
  • Adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997 and entered into force in February 2005
  • Based on equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR) .
  • Obligates developed nations to meet mitigation targets to reduce emissions
  • Provides financial resources and technology from developed nations
  • Developing countries like India have no mandatory mitigation obligations or targets under the Kyoto Protocol; however, India is still taking several steps to reduce the emissions.

About Commitment Periods of Kyoto Protocol

  • First commitment under the Kyoto Protocol was from 2008 - 2012.
  • Second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol or Doha Amendment for 2013 - 2020 period was adopted in 2012.
  • 2012 amendment includes new commitments in a second commitment period and a revised list of GHGs.

India՚s Stance

  • Ratification of second protocol solidifies India՚s stand on climate action
  • Establishes India՚s leadership to the cause of environmental protection and climate justice
  • Encourage developing countries to undertake climate change preventive actions.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 3, 2017

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