India’S Silk Industry and MoUs Between India and Japan (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for IAS is prepared by world's top subject experts: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 112.15 K)

India’s Silk Industry is world’s second largest after China. India enjoys a unique global position in terms of production of all commercially useful varieties of silk. India produces four varieties of silk: Mulberry, Eri, Tasar and Muga.

Map of Silk Centers In India

Map of Silk Centers in India

Map of Silk Centers In India

  • About 80 % of silk produced in country is mulberry, majority of which is produced in the three southern States of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.

  • 97 % of raw silk produced in five Indian states- Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir
  • Over April-February 2016 - 17, export of silk and silk products from India stood at US $248.59 million

  • Sericulture activities are spread across 52,360 villages

  • Indian silk industry is one of the largest employer and foreign exchange earner for the country. The industry provides employment to over 7.9 million people in the country.

Key Markets and Export Destinations

  • Exported silk products include natural silk yarns, fabrics, made-ups, readymade garments, silk carpets, and silk waste.

  • Readymade silk garments are largest segment generating around 68 per cent of silk export earnings during April-February 2016 - 17

  • Natural silk yarn, fabrics, and made-ups comprised 22.3 per cent of silk export earnings.

  • Silk waste, silk carpet, and silk yarn comprised 5.3 per cent, 3.8 per cent and 0.5 per cent, respectively.

Top Importers of Indian Silk

In FY 2016 - 17 (April-August), top ten importers of Indian silk and silk products were:

  • US (US $21.59 million)

  • UK (US $13.47 million)

  • China (US $13.27 million)

  • UAE (US $8.28 million)

  • Germany (US $5.3 million)

  • Italy (US $5.23 million)

  • Canada (US $3.66 million)

  • France (US $3.14 million)

  • Singapore (US $3.11 million)

  • Hong Kong (US $2.25 million)

Indian Silk Promotion Council

  • The Indian Silk Promotion Council (ISEPC) initiates programmes for growth and development of the silk industry.

  • Organises trade shows and fairs to promote trade with different countries.

  • Facilitates meetings between exporters and potential customers.

Silk Industry MoU between India and Japan (2016)

  • MoU was signed between India and Japan for collaborative research in the field of silkworm and silk industries between Central Silk Board (CSB), India and National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS), Japan in November 2016.

  • Aim is to initiate Collaborative Research for developing prolific bivoltine hybrids of silkworm suitable for Indian tropical conditions.

  • Improve quality standards and manufacturing capacity of Indian sericulture enhancing exports of silk and silk products.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 5, 2017


Developed by: