India Signs Agreement with Russia to Lease Second Nuclear Submarine (Download PDF)


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India has signed agreement with Russia for second Akula-II class nuclear attack submarine (SSN) with the lease worth of about $2 billion. Other major defence deals also were inked during the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the BRICS meeting in Goa.

India’s PM Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin

India’S PM Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin

India’s PM Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin

  • Lease to transfer a multipurpose Project 971 nuclear submarine to India from the Russian Navy was signed in Goa on sidelines of 8th BRICS Summit.
  • Project 971 is the Russian Akula class submarine on which India based its indigenous nuclear submarine INS Arihant.
  • In 2020 - 21, second nuclear submarine is expected to reach Indian waters.
  • Presently, 6 countries have nuclear-powered strategic submarines:

    • United States
    • Russia
    • United Kingdom
    • France China
    • India

Key Details

  • India had leased first Akula-II class nuclear attack submarine (SSN) from Russia.
  • Leased by Russia for the period of 10 years and commissioned on April 4,2012.
  • India paid for the completion of its construction and sea-trials.
  • Indian Navy already operates an Akula 2 class nuclear submarine inducted in April 2012, as INS Chakra formerly known as K-152 Nerpa. This lease expires in 2021.
  • India had expressed interest in leasing at least one more submarine to train Navy crew in difficult submarine operations and eventually have a big fleet of nuclear submarines.

Akula-Class Submarines

  • Weight of Akula-class submarines of Project 97 (NATO name Akula-II) is around 8,140 tons and it is considered as having minimum possible noise profile.
  • Capable of sailing at speeds up to 35 knots.
  • Nuclear powered but these are armed with conventional land attack missiles.

INS Arihant

  • Nuclear submarine capable of carrying nuclear ballistic missiles.
  • Completes India’s capability to launch nuclear strike from land, air, sea, and under-ocean.
  • Belongs to class INS- Arihant and referred to as Ship Submersible Ballistic Nuclear (SSBN) vehicle.
  • In August 2016, INS Arihant was commissioned by Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba.
  • India Joins Nuclear Submarine Club with INS Arihant Commissioning

- Published/Last Modified on: October 20, 2016

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