India Successfully Test-Fires Agni-5 Ballistic Missile (Important) (Download PDF)

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India successfully test-fires, nuclear capable, surface-to-surface, Agni-5 Ballistic Missile. Agni-5 missile has higher reliability, longer shelf life, less maintenance and enhanced mobility. Agni-5 was tested from of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Abdul Kalam Island, earlier known as Wheeler Island, off Odisha coast.

Agni-5 Ballistic Missile
  • During the test-fire, the sophisticated missile travelled for 19 minutes and covered 4,900 km.

    What is ICBM?

  • ICBM means Inter-continental ballistic missiles. India is in an exclusive club of countries with ICBMs.
  • With the first testing of Agni-5, India became part of ICBMs club in 2012.
  • US, Britain, Russia, China and France are the other members of the ICBM.

Important Facts About Agni-5

  1. Agni-5 is most advanced missile in the Agni series with new technologies incorporated in navigation and guidance, warhead, and engine.
  2. It has a range of over 5,000 km.
  3. It has redundant Navigation systems, very high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) - modern and accurate Micro Navigation System (MINS) ensures that missile reaches the target point within few metres of accuracy.
  4. Agni-5 missile has a high-speed on-board computer, which precisely directs the path and fault tolerant software along with robust and reliable bus.
  5. The three-stage, 17-metre tall, two-metre wide Agni-5 missile is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead of about 1.5 tonnes.
  6. The missile is programmed in such a way that after reaching the peak of its trajectory it will turn towards Earth to continue its journey towards the intended target with an increased speed due to earth՚s gravitational pull.
  7. The first two successful flights of Agni-5 missile in 2012 and 2013 were in open configuration.
  8. Agni-5 has higher reliability, longer shelf life, less maintenance and enhanced mobility.
Ballistic Boost for India

What is the Range of Agni Missiles?

  • At present, Agni series missiles that India has in its armoury are:
    • Agni-1 with 700 km range,
    • Agni-2 with 2,000 km range,
    • Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500 km range.
  • The series (Agni-I, Agni-II, and Agni-III) were developed to offset Pakistan՚s nuclear arsenal
  • The Agni-IV, Agni-V and Agni-VI, given their longer ranges, are designed to provide a credible nuclear deterrent against China.

When Was Agni-5 Tested in the Past?

  • The first test of Agni-5 was conducted on April 19,2012,
  • The second on September 15,2013
  • The third on January 31,2015
  • The fourth trial on December 26,2016 from the same base.

    What Next?

  • India has also been working on a next-generation ICBM, the Agni-VI, a four-stage ICBM with MIRV (multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles) and a maneuverable reentry vehicle (MaRV) capability.
  • The Agni-VI purportedly can hit targets beyond the range of 10,000 kilometres

- Published/Last Modified on: February 14, 2018

Defense

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