India and France Ink 14 Pacts, Major Boost to Defence & Nuclear Energy Cooperation-(Important) (Download PDF)


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France is the ninth largest foreign investor in India with a cumulative investment of over six billion dollars from April 2000 to October 2017. Indian and French forces would be able to access each other’s ports and bases in the Indian Ocean region.

Image of MoUs Between India And France

Image of MoUs between India and France

Image of MoUs Between India And France

India and France inked key pacts in the strategic areas of

  • Security

  • Nuclear energy

  • Protection of classified information

The two countries also made agreements in the fields of

  • Education

  • Environment

  • Urban development

  • Railways

Key Facts

  • India and France are in the process of cementing a partnership that could soon eclipse the old friend, Russia.

  • The only other country with which India works on as many areas is the US. For the first time with any G-7 country.

  • India and France decided to recognize each other’s university degrees, which will benefit students going to France for higher studies or for employment.

  • The two countries agreed to reciprocal logistics support between both armed forces including the navies — in the spirit of the LEMOA pact with the US.

  • The security agreement will open up the two sides to much closer cooperation in the strategic sphere. The agreement was mainly to counter the growing Chinese power in the region.

  • This is probably the first such agreement with G-8 country, with France aiming for over 10,000 Indian students studying in France by 2020.

  • France’s EDF to build 6 nuclear reactors in Jaitapur, a deal that has been in the works for many years but stuck on pricing and liability issues.

    • The two countries signed an “Industrial Way Forward Agreement” between NPCIL and EDF — the reactor with a promised 9.6 GW capacity will now look for “cost-effective localization efforts of manufacturing in India”.

    • This is expected to bring down the cost that has kept French nuclear power at very expensive rates; the agreement also cemented an “understanding” on the Indian liability rules, a possible breakthrough, which was one of the reasons for the delay in the project.

What is LEMOA Pact?

  • LEMOA gives access, to both countries, to designated military facilities on either side for the purpose of refueling and replenishment. India and the U. S. already hold large number of joint exercises during which payments are done each time, which is a long and tedious process.

  • Under the new agreement, a mechanism will be instituted for book-keeping and payments and officials, who will act as nodal points of contact, will be designated on both sides.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 19, 2018

International Relations/Organizations, Defense

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