India and Guatemala Support for Non-Permanent Membership of UNSC (Download PDF)


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India & Guatemala have agreed to support each other’s candidature for Non-Permanent Membership in United Nations Security Council. Guatemala will support India’s candidature for UNSC membership for 2021 - 22 while India will do so for Guatemala for 2031 - 32.

Image of deadly route to the land of opportunity

Image of Deadly Route to the Land of Opportunity

Image of deadly route to the land of opportunity

  • Decision was one of many outcomes of extensive high-level talks that took place b/w Indian Vice President & Guatemalan President & Parliamentary Speaker on 7th May, 2018.
  • Naidu’s visit is highest level delegation visit from either side since establishment of diplomatic ties b/w 2 countries in 1972.

Significance of India and Guatemala Relations

  • While various issues were discussed at high-level meet including trade, cultural diversity & economic growth, main focus was on core sectors such as pharmaceutical, cooperation in education, technology, conservation of wildlife, yoga, tourism & automobiles.

Key Agreements between India and Guatemala

  • Leaders of both countries agreed that India & Guatemala are faced w/similar challenges including governance issues, terrorism in diff. forms, poverty & economic disparities & concluded that democracy is best form of governance to address them.

  • Naidu suggested setting up of Parliamentary Friendship group to promote interaction among MPs of both sides.

  • During talks, Indian side agreed to Guatemala’s request for supplying solar panels to its airports.

  • Naidu invited Guatemala to join International Solar Alliance stating it has found wide appeal w/61 countries already joining iBoth sides also signed MoU for training of diplomats & Letter of Intent for training Guatemalan English Teachers in India.

  • Agreements will be valid for period of 3 years & will be extended thereafter, if required.

Further, Guatemalan Vice President Dr. Franco invited India to send delegation to Conference of Ibero America to be held in Guatemala City in November 2018, which will be attended by all Latin American countries besides Spain & Portugal.

This is 1st time that India has received such invitation for conference that is held once in 3 years.

India-Guatemala Relations

  • India & Guatemala established diplomatic relations in late 1970s & since then, relations are cordial & friendly.

  • 1st-ever ministerial visit from India to Guatemala was in June 2007 by then Minister of State for External Affairs, Anand Sharma.

  • Post visit, both nations decided to open their embassies in respective countries. Indian embassy in Guatemala was formally inaugurated in April 2011 by then Minister of State for External Affairs, E Ahamed.

  • India-SICA (Central American Integration System) Foreign Ministers´ meeting is imp. forum for India´s bilateral interaction with Guatemala. 2nd India-SICA Foreign Ministers´ meeting was held in Delhi in June 2008.

  • Set up in 1991, Central American Integration System (SICA) consists of 7 full members -Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua & Panama & Dominican Republic as Associate Member (Total 8).

  • India has offered to assist SICA countries in priority areas including agriculture, SMEs, pharmaceuticals, tourism, IT-related activities, renewable energy, disaster management, distant education & supply of satellite imagery for development purposes.

Key Facts of Guatemala

  • Guatemala is country in Central America bordered by Mexico to north & west, Pacific Ocean to southwest, Belize to northeast, Caribbean to east, Honduras to east & El Salvador to southeast.
  • It is most populated state in Central America.
  • Guatemala is largest & capital city of Guatemala.
  • Diplomatic relations b/w India & Guatemala were established in 1972.
  • Both nations were part of Non-Aligned Movement.
  • Currency of Guatemala is Quetzal
  • President – Jimmy Morales

- Published/Last Modified on: July 19, 2018

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