India in US՚s STA-1 List-Import of Dual-Use Tech and Strategic Trade Authorization

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High-technology dual exports to India has been eased by the US after 1 12 years of negotiations. India has been granted exemption under the Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 list.

India-US Defense Ties

  • The civil nuclear deal was signed between the two countries in 2008.
  • Gaining access to high technology was the key objective.
  • Us also recognised India as a “Major Defence Partner” .
  • Commitment regarding the share of technology to the same level as its closest allies and partners.
  • Collaboration for defense co-production and co-development.

Recent Move

  • India was in STA-2 list (Strategic Trade Authorisation-2) .

Other 7 countries include:

  • Albania
  • Hong Kong
  • Israel
  • Malta
  • Singapore
  • South Africa
  • Taiwan

Strategic Trade Authorization

  • In 2009- Announcement regarding a comprehensive review of the US export control system.
  • A move towards a licence-free or license exemption regime.
  • Creation of two lists namely STA-1 and STA-2.
  • Also STA-1 and STA-2 are America՚s most trusted allies.
  • STA-1 has 36 countries including NATO allies comprising bilateral treaty allies like Japan, South Korea, and Australia.
  • STA-1 countries have licence free access to almost 90 % of dual-use technology.
  • Also STA-1 countries are eligible to import items for reasons of national security, chemical or biological weapons etc.

Four multilateral export control regimes

  • A majority of countries who are outside STA-1 and STA-2 are cannot access high technology from the US without specific licences.
  • STA-2 Countries enjoy some form of licensing exemption.
  • Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

Significance to India

  • India is now part of STA-1 though it is not a part of all four multilateral export control regimes.
  • India joining an elite group of allies of the US is a significant move.
  • Regarding the defence technology and equipment supply of the UIS government, India can now access 90 % of defence technology.
  • Opening doors for both sales and manufacturing in India beneficial to Indian-high tech industry.

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