India’s Manned Mission to Space and Mission Shakti - Anti-Satellite Missile Test (Download PDF)

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Announcement by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Gaganyaan Mission. To be a reality by 2022. First set of astronauts to be identified from the Indian Air Force. India would become the fourth nation to launch a Human Spaceflight Mission after USA, Russia and China.

Works in Progress

  • Launch vehicle.
  • Re-entry & Recovery tech.
  • Crew Escape System (CES) .
  • Life support.

The ECLsS (the Environmental Control and Life Support System)

  • Controls temperature and humidity.
  • Takes care of food and water management.
  • Removes carbon dioxide and other harmful gases.

Challenges

  • Weight is the fundamental challenge.
  • Building a spacecraft (Earth-like conditions in space) .

Mission Shakti - Anti-Satellite Missile Test

  • Technological capability to hit and destroy satellites in space.
  • Missiles launched from the ground.
  • US military carried out the first anti-satellite test (ASAT) IN 1959.
  • India became only the fourth country to carry out an anti-satellite missile test.

Objectives

  • Aimed at destroying, if necessary, satellites owned by enemy countries.
  • Includes navigation system, communication networks, banking systems, weather forecasting, disaster management, and military applications.
  • Cripple enemy infrastructure without causing any threat to human lives.

Mission Shakti

  • A missile was launched from the Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex near Balasore in Odisha.
  • Struck a predetermined target.
  • A redundant Indian satellite.
  • Orbiting at a distance of 300 km from the Earth՚s surface.
  • Knocked out satellite- Microsat R, a micro-satellite launched by ISRO in January, 2019.

Significance

  • A unique and critical strategic capability.
  • India is well capable of bringing down a satellite, and disrupting communication.
  • Effectiveness depends on the deterrence it brings.
  • Is not prohibited by any international law or treaty.

AsAT Not Widely Used

  • Requires very advanced capabilities in both space and missile technologies.
  • Destroying space infrastructure like satellites is also taboo in the international community.
  • International treaties governing the use of space- Only be exploited for peaceful purposes.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 17, 2020

Science/Technology

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