Indian Art and Culture (Yojana 2021) (Download PDF)

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Indian Art and Culture

  • Indian art and culture have grown in a Fibonacci sequence and will continue to do so.
  • A core value guiding Indian art and culture is “inclusiveness.”
  • The spiral includes new ideas/beliefs/styles/values into its fold.
  • Allows interaction, engagement, learning, blending, merging and evolution which brings novelty and richness.
  • A person standing at the outermost point of the spiral inherits the entire spiral model along with its knowledge and wisdom, Indian art & culture.
  • Indian philosophy values beauty and aesthetic experiences.
  • Informs Indian art & culture at every stage.
  • The purpose of art has been to temporarily take one away from the mundane earthly domain of routine chores and sorrows.
  • To provide alternative visions of an ideal, heavenly, and healing beauty.
  • The central courtyard in temples was often used for classical music or dance offerings to God.
  • Art and culture-a synthesis of centuries of wisdom and freedom of expression.
  • Identity given by geographical boundaries with a vast, larger, and deeper than its present territory.
  • Hindustani and Carnatic music repertoire is deeply enriched today.
  • Every state in India has a folk music or dance form with its own local deity, language, dialect, costume, intention, Garba in Gujarat, Ghoomar in Rajasthan, Bihu in Assam, Santhal in West Bengal, Bhangra in Punjab and so on.

Fibonacci Sequence

  • Starts with number 0 and 1.
  • Every new number in the sequence is the sum of the other two just before it 0, 1, 1, 2, 3,5, 8,13 … And so on.
  • The ration of any two consecutive numbers is always 1.618 shown by the Greek letter Φ.
  • Martial arts like Kalarippayattu, Chhau also got included in the Fibonacci sequence grew bigger.
Fibonacci Sequence

Folk Paintings

  • Started off with being done on the walls of people՚s house.
  • Often depicting everyday life.
  • Warli painting from Maharashtra.
  • Madhubani painting from Bihar.
  • Gond painting from Madhya Pradesh.

Paintings telling religious stories on clothes:

  • Pichhwai or Phad from Rajasthan.
  • Mata-ni-pachedi from Gujarat.
  • Kalamkari painting from Andhra Pradesh
  • Thangka painting from Himalayan region.

Ancient India

  • Temples were scientific and architectural wonders.
  • Temples had exquisite display of art-walls filled with paintings, murals, fine sculptures.
  • The deity would be placed where vibrations of positive energy were highest, radiating heating energy to the devotees.
  • The Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai has one thousand pillars in perfect alignment.
  • The Rameswaram Temple in Tamil Nadu has 1212 pillars on either side of a corridor that in one dot.
  • Aesthetics coupled with excellence, scientific and architectural prowess:
    • The Konark Sun Temple in Odisha
    • Rani ki Vav in Patan, Gujarat
    • The Buddhist stupas built by Ashoka the Great
  • Dry frescoes in the Ajanta caves near Aurangabad, Maharashtra show stories from the Jataka tales.
  • The Belur-Halebidu temples built by the Hoysala kings in Karnataka have fine stone sculptures that clearly show a hair pin in a woman՚s ornate bun or the folds of her clothes or a hole in the flute being played by Krishna.

Newer Art Forms

  • Modern Dance
  • Fusion Music
  • Sand Art
  • Truck Art
  • Flower Decoration

Preserving and Propagating Indian Art & Culture

  • The people and govt. of India must become patrons.
  • Institutionalizing extensively.
  • Creating more Santiniketans, Kalashetras and Kalamandalams allowing artists a free pace for exploration.
  • Creating a demand for the Arts by deepening the understanding of rasikas by making heritage a compulsory integrated element of formal education.
  • SPIC MACAY- The Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical Music and Culture Amongst Youth has been trying to create a demand for the Arts assertively and consistently.

Cinema and New India

  • An art of storytelling -fiction or non-fiction.
  • Most unattended aspects in our society.
  • Kings in ancient times used to keep raconteurs who could regularly narrate stories to them.
  • The Mahabharata, Ramayana and the Bhagwad Gita had been the most sought after sources the storytellers used to employ to sensitize kings and emperors on human realities.
  • Akbar had inducted Birbal (Mahesh Das) into the panel of his nine advisers.
  • Birbal was a quick thinker, creative in his abilities, intelligent with expertise on religious epics besides poetry and literature.
  • Birbal was one of most generous thinkers among the Mughal emperors.
  • Mahatma Gandhi՚s concept of Swaraj, “Know your land, know your resources.”
  • Satyajit Ray՚s Pather Panchali are not regional wonders alone.

Bottom Line

  • The concept of cinema that India and majority of Indians relish in the form of Bollywood.
  • Has done the biggest harm to Indian cinema and the art of storytelling.
  • Misleading representation of India in the country and to the world at large.
  • Embassies mostly showcase films that cater to Diasporas.

All is Not Lost

  • Hope of resurrection.
  • Cinema is a part of the greater family of creativity.
  • A mature national policy on art and culture is required.
  • It is vulnerable to the lure of money.
  • Unscrupulous individuals and corporate houses.
  • To revamp and strengthen institutions of creative arts.
  • Cinema is a tool to enhance character, creativity, with the power to unite humanity.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 17, 2021

Yojana, Culture

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