Indian China Standoff- Indo-Bhutan Ties-Included Map of Doklam- Important (Download PDF)


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Standoff between Indian and Chinese troops in Doklam (located at the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan) underlines India’s relationship with Bhutan, including military responsibilities.

Image shows the Location of Doklam

Image Shows the Location of Doklam

Image shows the Location of Doklam


  • June 2017: Chinese Army (People’s Liberation Army) entered the Doklam area to construct a road.
  • Royal Bhutan Army (RBA) patrol dissuaded this unilateral activity.
  • Bhutan argued that the road was inside Bhutanese territory- violation of the 1988 and 1998 agreements between Bhutan and China


Doklam Plateau is close to India’s ‘chicken neck’ area (The Chumbi Valley) and the Siliguri corridor connecting the Northeast to the rest of the country.

Image of Doklam

Image of Doklam

Image of Doklam

Disputed Areas between China and Bhutan

Image shows Disputed Areas between China and Bhutan

Image Shows Disputed Areas between China and Bhutan

Image shows Disputed Areas between China and Bhutan

2007 India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty

  • Under the 2007 India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty, both countries cooperate closely on national interests. Neither Government allows use of its territory for activities harmful to the national security and interest of the other.
  • Previously India guided Bhutan on foreign and defense policies. 2007 treaty respects sovereignty of Bhutan.
  • The new treaty does not require Bhutan to obtain India’s permission over arms imports.
  • India allows 16 entry and exit points for Bhutanese trade with other countries (the only exception being the PRC) and has agreed to develop and import a minimum of 10,000 megawatts of electricity from Bhutan by 2021
  • Gives India responsibility to protect Bhutan- Eastern Army Command and the Eastern Air Command now integrate protection of Bhutan.
  • The Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) trains Bhutanese security personnel.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017

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