Indian Railways on Mission Mode of Becoming a “Green Railway”

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Indian Railways on Mission Mode of Becoming a “Green Railway”

  • A few initiatives have been taken by Ministry of Railways to transform Indian Railways into Green Railways by 2030.
  • These initiatives will mitigate global warming and combat climate change.
Indian Railways on Mission


  • The strategy to achieve net zero carbon emissions involves-
    • Railway electrification
    • Improved energy efficiency of locomotives and trains and fixed installations
    • Green certification for installations/stations
    • Fitting bio toilets in coaches
    • Switching to renewable sources of energy
  • Indian railway has completed electrification of more than 40,000 route km.
  • 18,605 km electrification work has been done during 2014 - 20.
  • During 2009 - 14, only 3,835 km electrification work was completed.
  • For the year 2020 - 21, the target of electrification of 7000 RKM has been fixed.
  • Indian Railways is also focusing on electrification of last mile connectivity and missing links.
  • During COVID period 365 km major connectivity work has been commissioned.
  • Indian Railways has also taken a few initiatives to promote solar energy.
  • Indian Railways is working to harness the potential of 500 MW energy through roof top solar panels.
  • Till date, 100 MW of solar plants have been commissioned on roof tops of various buildings including 900 stations.
  • Solar plants with a combined capacity of 400 MW are under different stages of execution.
  • Tenders are awarded for 245 MW and target for the completion of these plants in December 2022.
  • Indian Railways is trying to produce power from land Based Solar installations for running trains.
  • One project of 1.7 MW at Bina (Madhya Pradesh) in collaboration with Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has already been installed.
  • This project is under extensive testing.
  • This is first of its solar project in the world.

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