Indo-Myanmar Agreement on Land Border Crossing (Download PDF)

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The Union Cabinet has approved Agreement between India and Myanmar on Land Border Crossing. It is an enabling arrangement for movement of people across the border. The agreement provides connectivity and enhance interaction of people of North Eastern States of India with the people of Myanmar.

Indo Myanmar Trade

The Union Cabinet has approved Agreement between India and Myanmar on Land Border Crossing. It is an enabling arrangement for movement of people across the border. The agreement provides connectivity and enhance interaction of people of North Eastern States of India with the people of Myanmar.

Background

  • India shares 1,643-km long border with Myanmar. It passes through four northeaster states of
    • Arunachal Pradesh
    • Nagaland
    • Manipur
    • Mizoram.
  • At present both countries have unique visa-free movement regime (FMR) for people living within 16 km on either side of the border.
  • Border management with Myanmar is complex due to volume of traffic, the presence of dozens of (formal and informal) border crossings, and the FMR.
  • The move has to be understood in the light of Rohingya crisis and India՚s look east policy.

What Does India Want?

India has also begun to take some steps along both the India-Myanmar and India-Bangladesh borders to manage any potential infiltration, including the deployment of more personnel and technology and the mulling of new methods of regulation.

What is FMR?

  • Free movement regime (FMR) was a bilateral agreement between India and Myanmar
  • It allows free movement of Indian and Myanmar՚s citizens within 16 km of the border without visa restrictions for 72 hours.
  • Its purpose is to alleviate insecurity of tribal living along India and Myanmar border as they still continue to have trans-border linkages with their kiths and kins.
  • This regime has been in place to protect traditional social relations among border people.
  • However it has been misused by militants and criminals who are using it to smuggle
  • Weapons
  • Narcotic
  • contraband goods
  • Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) .

What is the Significance of New Agreement?

  1. New agreement will facilitate movement of people based on valid passports and visas, which will enhance economic and social interaction between two countries.
  2. It will facilitate regulation and harmonization of already existing free movement rights for people ordinarily residing in border areas of both countries.
  3. It will also give boost to economy of North East and leverage geographical connections with Myanmar to boost trade and people to people ties.
  4. It will also safeguard traditional rights of largely tribal communities residing along border which are accustomed to free movement across land border.

Where is Mayanmar?

  • Myanmar known as Burma, is a sovereign state in South-east Asia.
  • Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east, People՚s Republic of China to its north and northeast. To its south are Bay of Bengal and The Andaman Sea.

- Published/Last Modified on: February 11, 2018

Policy/Governance, International Relations/Organizations

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