Infant Mortality Rate: Too Varied to Celebrate

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  • Fallen from 50 to 32 per 1,000 live births over the past decade.
  • IMR is higher in rural areas than urban areas.
  • Delhi, Tripura and Puducherry are the only places with higher IMR in urban areas than the rural.

Data Released by the Office of the Registrar General of India

  • Between rural and urban areas for e. g. Nagaland (lowest IMR of 4) .
  • Sample Registration System.
  • Categorization

States and Union Territories into 3 Categories

  • Bigger
    • States and Union Territories with a population more than 10 million as per census 2011.
    • Delhi, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu have IMR within 20,13, 19 and 15 respectively.
    • IMR in Assam is 41, Chhattisgarh 41, Madhya Pradesh 48 and Odisha 40.
  • Smaller
    • 37 in Arunachal Pradesh, 4 in Nagaland
    • Fluctuates from 35 to 17 in Meghalaya.
  • Union Territories
    • IMR varies between 16 and 9 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Daman and Diu.
    • In Dadra and Nagar Haveli IMR in rural areas is 19 but 9 in urban areas.
  • IMR ranges from as high as 52 (Madhya Pradesh) in rural areas which is highest anywhere in the country to 36 in urban areas.
  • Uttar Pradesh has 46 IMR in rural areas but 35 in urban areas.
  • It has been observed that 31 infants dies within the first year of birth irrespective of rural or urban.

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