Initiatives Taken to Improve Teaching Standards in the Country (Download PDF)

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To assess and improve the quality of teaching in the country Central Government under HRD Ministry took several initiatives. MHRD is responsible for development of human resources in India is divided into 2 parts.

The Department of School Education and Literacy looks after primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy and the Department of Higher Education, deals with university education, technical education, scholarship etc.

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Initiatives Overview

  • To promote quality education in the country, the Centre has included reference on class-wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes there by amending the Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.

  • The strategy of appropriate learning focusses upon Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages (Hindi, English and Urdu), Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science and Social Science up to the elementary stage have, accordingly, been finalized and shared with all States and UTs.

  • The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is responsible for conducting a periodic national surveys of learning achievement of children in classes III, V, VIII and X.

  • To enable states/UTs to identify gaps in learning outcomes at district level and design strategies to address those gaps a National Achievement Survey based on learning outcomes was conducted for Classes III, V and VIII.

  • NAS Reports show students’ learning levels against the expected learning outcomes of a particular grade and are used to provide feedback to the districts for further improvement.

  • The period of in-service training for untrained elementary teachers to 31st March, 2019 in all the States and UTs has been extended thereby amending Section 23 (2) of the RTE Act.

  • All untrained in-service teachers working in Government, Government- aided, and Private un-aided schools were supposed to acquire minimum qualification as laid down by an academic authority, authorized by the Central Government.

  • To bring about qualitative improvement in teacher education programmes in India a four year B. Ed. integrated course has been conceptualised and regulated for this course.

  • The crucial aspects like Gender, Inclusive education, ICT, Yoga, Global Citizenship Education (GCED) and Health & Sanitation have been included in the model curriculum of the course.

  • The teaching specialization would primarily be for the primary levels and the secondary level.

  • Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2018 Act provides to empower the appropriate Government to take a decision as to whether to hold back a child in the 5th class or in the 8th class or in both classes, or not to hold back a child in any class till the completion of elementary education.

  • The Act seeks to improve the learning levels of children and will lead to greater accountability and improvement in the quality of education.

  • The Samagra Shiksha an integrated scheme for school education is launched by the central government focusses on 3 major Centrally Sponsored schemes of school education i. e Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Teacher Education (CSSTE).

  • Schemes aimed towards enhancing access, to promote equity through inclusion of disadvantaged groups and weaker sections and to improve the quality of education.

  • The new integrated scheme envisages school education as a continuum from pre-school to senior secondary level and aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels.

  • To check the improvement in the education quality the government of India has decided to participate in the Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) to be conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2021.

  • PISA participation outcomes help in introducing competency based examination reforms in the school system. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and NCERT are part of the process.

  • Rangotsav was held from 7th to 21st December, 2018 in schools, with participation of students, teachers and other stake holders to focused on creating a non-judgmental platform for the participants to explore and express their artistic minds through dance, music, theatre, painting craft making etc.

  • A 70 indicators based matrix called Performance Grading Index (PGI) has also been designed to grade the States and UTs. This will help in evaluating the performance of the school education system in the States/UTs.

  • The grading system will assist the States and UTs to identify the gap and design appropriate interventions to bridge them.

  • The establishment of a well-functioning and sustainable Educational Management Information System is of utmost importance today.

  • To collect data from all schools, in order to make it an effective tool for decision making the UDISE plus application has been launched in 2018 - 19.

  • In order to provide supplementary learning material for students and for upgrading the skills of teachers, MHRD has developed a dedicated Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing (DIKSHA) platform.

  • For both students and teachers the high quality e-learning material are uploaded by Ministry and States/UTs on this portal which is expected to substantially augment the knowledge base of the students and technical skills of teachers with no additional cost involvement.

  • To motivate and engage children of the age group of 6 - 18 years in Science, Mathematics and Technology through observation, experimentation, inference drawing, model building, etc. both through inside and outside classroom activities the government launched Rashtriya Aavishkar Abhiyan (RAA) programme on 09.07. 2015.

  • Through ‘Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat’ (PBBB), the Central Government supports States and UTs on early grade reading, writing & comprehension, and early Mathematics programmes.

  • e- PATHSHALA is a single point repository containing NCERT textbooks and various other learning resources. This single point repository development will for showcase and disseminate all educational resources including textbooks, audio, video, periodicals, and a variety of other print and non-print materials.

  • The Portal SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active learning for Young Aspiring Minds) launched by MHRD on 9th July, 2017 is offering various online courses for school education and higher education.

  • A Massive Open and Online Course (MOOCs) for school education system in 12 subject areas (Accountancy, business studies, biology, chemistry, economic, history, geography, mathematics, physics, political science, psychology and sociology) for classes IX-XII is being developed by the National Council for Educational Research and Training.

  • To utilize satellite communication technologies for transmission of educational e-contents through 32 National Channels i. e. SWAYAM PRABHA DTH-TV has been launched.

  • Five channels for teachers, for Secondary and Senior Secondary levels and for sign language are being operated by The National Institute of Open Schooling.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 3, 2019

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