International Organisations - G-20, SCO, UNsC (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

G-20 Summit

The annual G-20 summit for 2019 was recently held in Osaka, Japan. The leaders summed up the key outcomes of the meet.

Key Takeaways

  • Terrorism
  • Anti-corruption
  • Climate change
  • Climate Change - U. S.
  • Quality infrastructure
  • Trade

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation- Bishkek Declaration

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization՚s (SCO՚s) Heads of State summit.
  • Recently held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.


  • A permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
  • Formed in 2001 in Shanghai, China.
  • 8 member states- India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • 4 Observer countries- Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia.
  • 6 dialogue partners- Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey, and Sri Lanka.
  • HSC (The Heads of State Council) - supreme decision-making body in the SCO.
  • Official languages- Russian and Chinese.

SCO Heads of (HGC) meets once a year

  • To resolve present important economic and other cooperation issues.
  • To approve the organization՚s annual budget.
  • To discuss on the organization՚s multilateral cooperation strategy.

SCO Significance to India

  • Vital to India՚s Eurasia policy.

A platform for alignments on issues.

  • Energy Security.
  • Provides multilateral platform for it to deal in close proximity with Pakistan and Afghanistan.

India՚s Role as UNsC Non-Permanent Member

  • Recently won the unanimous support of all countries in the 55-member Asia-Pacific Group at the UN.
  • Bid for a non-permanent seat at the UNSC for a 2-year term in 2021 - 22.
  • Already held a non-permanent seat on the UNSC for 7 terms.
  • India has been in the UNSC for 14 years.
  • India is going to re-enter the Council after gap of 10 years.
  • India lies in a troubled region between West and East Asia.
  • The region is highly disturbed with insurgencies, terrorism, human and narcotics trafficking, and great power rivalries.

Other problems in Asia include

  • The strategic mistrust or misperception.
  • The absence of pan-Asia security architecture.
  • The competition over energy and strategic minerals.
  • The unresolved borders and territorial disputes.

India՚s Non-Permanent Seat at UNsC

  • Backed by 54 nations of Asia-Pacific Group.
  • United Nations Security Council (UNSC) non-permanent seat.
  • The General Assembly elects five non-permanent members out of a total of 10, for a two-year term.

10 seats distribution:

  • 5 for African and Asian countries (3 are for Africa and 2 for Asia) .
  • 1 for Eastern European countries.
  • 2 for Latin American and Caribbean countries.
  • 2 for Western European and other countries.
  • For seven terms India held a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.

Election of Countries Among Asian Contestants

  • No formalised a system of rotation of seats as per the region as followed in Africa.
  • India lost the contest to Pakistan and Japan in 1975 and 1996 respectively.
  • China and Pakistan also supported the move with which India had diplomatic challenges at the UN.
  • India wants to coincide with the 75th anniversary of Independence in 2022.
  • Also be hosting the G-20 meeting in New Delhi in that year.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 26, 2020

International Relations/Organizations

Developed by: