International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and APsARA – U (Download PDF)

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The world՚s largest experimental fusion facility is in France. Most complex science project in human history started in 2010. Use of hydrogen fusion, controlled by superconducting magnets, to produce massive heat energy. Nuclear fusion facility- An international cooperation among the European Union, Russia, the US, Japan, China, India and South Korea.

  • First industrial-scale fusion reactor.
  • Illuminate the way to produce clean, cheap, and abundant energy for millions of years.

HL-2M Tokamak

  • China՚s plan to construct the artificial sun device (HL-2M Tokamak) .
  • Designed to replicate the nuclear fusion process occurring naturally in the sun and stars.
  • Device provides almost infinite clean energy through controlled nuclear fusion.
  • Plasma is mainly composed of electrons and ions.
  • Provides main technical support for China՚s participation in the experiment and operation of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) .


  • First research reactor in Asia.
  • Became operational in Trombay campus of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in 1956.
  • The reactor was shut down in 2009.
  • “Apsara-upgraded” , of higher capacity was setup at Trombay.
  • Uses plate type dispersion fuel elements made of Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) .
  • The reactor will increase indigenous production or radio-isotopes for medical application.
  • Extensively used for research in nuclear physics, material science and radiation shielding.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 19, 2020


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