Kerala: 3<Sup>rd</Sup> Open Defecation Free State - Important (Download PDF)

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After Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh, Kerala becomes 3rd Open Defecation Free state of India under theSwachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) , it was announced by the Drinking Water and Sanitation Secretary Parameswaran Iyer in New Delhi on 1st November- the foundation day of Kerala.

LOcation of Open Defecation Free State
  • Kerala is the first high-density populated state of India declared as Open Defecation Free state.
  • Kerala achieved this with all of its 14 districts, 152 blocks, 940 Gram Panchayats and 2117 villages becoming free from open defecation
  • Big step in the mission of better health in terms of water-borne diseases specifically in children, and for providing security and dignity for all especially the women and senior citizens.

About Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

  • It is a national campaign launched on 2nd October 2014 by Government of India which includes 4,041 cities and towns.
  • Objective is to clean streets, roads, and infrastructure of country and provide sufficient access to toilets to all citizens.
  • Focuses on changing behavior of citizens- ending the practice of open defecation by 2019 as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • The SBM Includes Two Sub-Missions

  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) implemented in rural areas:
  • For removing open defecation in rural areas by 2019 by improving access to sanitation by ensuring the use of toilets and through their construction
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) implemented in urban areas
  • To motivate communities for the adoption of sustainable sanitation practices, and encourage the use of appropriate technologies for sanitation.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017

Policy/Governance

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