Kerala & Covid and NCR (DTE 16 to 30 November 2020)

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Kerala & Covid

  • High population density
  • More lifestyle diseases
  • Political protests
  • Gold scams
  • Returning people to state
  • Higher literacy
  • Thriving democracy

The population density in Kerala is 856 people per sq km. The national average is below 500. We are also a state with a high number of lifestyle diseases

  • Onam is Kerala՚s biggest festival and we ensured limited relaxations on that occasion
  • The return of people from other states and abroad have added to the crisis
  • Kerala caseload was 12,329 per million population in the first week of November, which is more than the double of the national average
  • According to WHO, a country should relax lockdown measures only if the positivity rate is below 5 per cent for over two weeks. In Kerala, it is fluctuating between 11 and 13 per cent. This suggests testing is limited to people with high suspicion of covid-19 and that officials are most likely to miss new chains of transmission in the community
  • The 20-odd countries that are drowning in a second wave have a case fatality rate lower than 2 % . The global average is 2.5 %

NCR

  • Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas
  • To improve identification, research, and resolution of issues that impact air quality in NCR and affected Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan
  • Headquartered in Delhi

The chairperson and the members of the commission are appointed on the recommendation of a selection committee, headed by the environment minister. The selection committee includes the cabinet secretary, commerce and industries minister, road and transport minister and minister of science and technology. The chairperson and the members will serve for a term of three years or up to the age of 70

  • Consolidated approach towards monitoring and elimination of pollution sources.
  • Though the commission will include members from key Union ministries and states (officials of the level of secretary to the Government of India and chief secretary to the state governments) , its power to issue directions and entertain complaints will be under Central political supervision

Mandatory Use of CNG in Public Transport

  • Ban on entry of pre-2006 manufactured trucks in Delhi and restriction on transit trucks from entering the city;
  • Closure of coal-based power plants in Delhi;
  • Clean fuel policy and the banning of dirty pet coke and furnace oil (leading to country-wide intro-duction of oxides of nitrogen, or NOx, and Sulphur standards for industries) ;
  • Early introduction of Bharat Stage VI fuels;
  • Bus augmentation plan for Delhi
  • Facilitating Regional Rapid Transit System for NCR and Phase IV of the Delhi Metro; and
  • Framing a parking policy as per the traffic demand
  • The ordinance has provided for the right to inspect, as well as penal action for non-compliance, that includes imprisonment up to five years or a penalty of ₹ 1 crore.
  • Criminal prosecution is possible if the commission complaints. So far, nationally, criminal prosecution under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, has been the toughest to implement. This will require establishment of vertical and horizontal accountability across the region.
  • Saikia Committee, Bhure Lal Committee submitted reports but no action was taken.

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